QuestionQuestion

1. Some writers have suggested that humans have a psychological need to believe their body can survive its eventual decay and death. This causes extreme resistance to the truth of materialism. This position is called ____________________________________________

2. The best way that science can answer the problem of the identity theory of materialism (which means chemical brain states = mental states…which seems to indicate chemicals can “feel” and “think”) is by saying_______________________________________________

3. Jean-Paul Sartre is a believer in “radical free will”. His ontology of free will is similar to the ontology of free will offered by the substance dualist. True or False

4. Jean-Paul Sartre asserts that free will springs from consciousness as a brute fact. Which then of the following are elements of this view? Circle or list all that apply.
a. You have free will in a “radical” sense that makes your fully responsible for your choices
b. Existence precedes essence (in other words, you “create” yourself in the word…you first exist, but by the exercise of free will you create your own essence)
c. Radical free will is illustrated by your unrestrained ability to form an attitude with respect to your circumstances.
d. The fact that you have radical free will in a determined universe is absurd.

5.   In the video on Free Will there was mention made of how Immanuel Kant tried to reconcile moral responsibility in a universe underwritten by Newton’s Laws. Explains how he tries to do this. Write a short paragraph.

Eassy portion:
Write a 2-3 page essay, double spaced, choosing one of the following as the title of your paper:
1. Do we have Genuine Free Will or Do we have Radical Free Will? (if you choose this, your thesis will be one or the other that you will advocate)
2. Why I am a Compatibilist

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1. Some writers have suggested that humans have a psychological need to believe their body can survive its eventual decay and death. This causes extreme resistance to the truth of materialism. This position is called ____________________________________________
Arguably, such extreme resistance to the truth of materialism has resulted in many opposing positions, such as substance dualism—which posits that there is some substance beyond the material—and ontological idealism, which holds that the mental (and thus the immaterial) is fundamental to, or is all of, reality.

2. The best way that science can answer the problem of the identity theory of materialism (which means chemical brain states = mental states…which seems to indicate chemicals can “feel” and “think”) is by saying_______________________________________________
Functionalism is arguably the most prominent response to identity theories of materialism. Functionalism addresses glaring issues with identity theory—such as thinking/feeling chemicals—by concerning itself not with reduction of mental states to physical-brain states but rather with the functional role of physical-brain states in how an organism functions, behaves, lives, etc....

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