"The Republic" by Plato.
Prompt: "Justice involves granting each its due.
Why does Plato argue that only the philosopher will truly be able to grant each its due?
Your answer should include some account of the relationship between the reasoning part of the soul and the Good that illuminates it."
Version of Book: (For sake of citations): "The Republic"- Plato. Translated by Richard W. Sterling and William C. Scott. Norton Paperback Edition 1996
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The Philosopher King: Justice and the Good in Plato’s Republic
Plato’s Republic is an extended conversation on the nature of justice. The central argument at stake in the text is the answer to the question what makes the best city. Those are the kind of people who reflect on life and consider the true nature of justice. Plato will say it is the philosopher herself who can only try to understand and reflect on the nature of justice. This is the question posed in the early part of the book, namely, is there a good that we want for its own sake -- in other words, how can justice and the good coincide (357b)? For Plato, it is the philosopher, the lover of wisdom, who can truly establish the ideal just city. The philosopher is guided by reason and through this wants to understand the good....
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