Also, what is the outline and the logical structure of Hesiod's argument?
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The conclusion of Hesiod's Theogony is that the chaos we observe in the world has its origin in an order we do not fully understand. The poem is a literary work and uses the imagery of mythology, and poetic language to present its cosmology. The arguments is conveyed by the use of stories. The story, for example, of Earth at first giving humans food to eat without them having to work, is meant to explain the reasons why both good and evil occur. The argument is that in the beginning there was peace, but because of some huge mistake, all of us are now paying the price. In Hesiod’s view, nothing happens by chance, and the suffering (and good) we experience has its origins in a larger history. Even chance has a reason for why it is chaotic. Hesiod, a Greek writer, probably lived around the eighth century B.C., around the same time as the storyteller Homer (who told the tale of the Odyssey and the Iliad). In a similar way, readers of the Theogony (which means “birth of the gods” in Greek) would also be familiar with references to heroes and gods well known in the Greek pantheon and myth....
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