Plato’s Theory of the Human Person: A Story of Conflict and the Politics of Justice (2000 words)

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Question

Describe and analyze Plato's metaphysical and epistemological theory.
Discuss and analyze his theory about what a human person is.
How does Plato's metaphysical and epistemological theory lead him to his conclusions about what a human person is?
What are the ethical and/or political implications that result from this theory?
Do you agree with this theory of the human person?

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Plato’s Theory of the Human Person: A Story of Conflict and the Politics of Justice
Plato’s metaphysical and epistemological ideas connect with his philosophical anthropology. Plato paints a picture of the human by formalizing a theory of reality cut into two. For Plato, human beings are caught in a world where truth is doubtful, sensory experiences delude us and opinion masquerades as truth. Plato devises a theory that depicts the human as a body with a soul, strung between desires rooted in this world, and a longing for the struggle that will lead him to truth in another, transcendent world. Plato envisions a society that can help people come to know greater truths, and he worries that a society ruled only by opinion will keep humankind forever trapped in a cave of our making. Plato creates a vision of an ideal society to help map out an ethical world where truth can be known, and justice can be realized. The challenge for Plato is spoken by his interlocutor Socrates who argued that the unexamined life is unlivable for a human being (Apology 38a), and in essence, the society governed by the philosopher is the best to society to have.
In Plato’s early dialogues, for example Euthyphro, Socrates articulates Plato’s search for understanding our world of particulars, where everything is in a state of becoming, with a world of unity where the whole makes sense of the parts....

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