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1. The Socratic method, named after Socrates, but originated by Plato thousands of years ago, is still being used by teachers in classrooms around the world. In your own words, summarize the Socratic method and provide at least one example of how it can be used to further learning and encourage critical thinking.

2. Both Socrates and Plato took a stand in the debate regarding the benefits of a general education versus the benefits of a technical education. Summarize this debate and explain whether you agree or disagree with these two philosophers and why.

3. This week, you have been studying classical thinking with regard to education, particularly the thoughts and viewpoints of Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. Choose three views held by either Aristotle or Plato, and explain whether you agree or disagree with each one and why.

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The Socratic method, named after Socrates, but originated by Plato thousands of years ago, is still being used by teachers in classrooms around the world. In your own words, summarize the Socratic method and provide at least one example of how it can be used to further learning and encourage critical thinking.

Socratic method, or method of elenchus, consists of asking questions to arrive at a definitive answer. Socrates believed that all have the needed knowledge and what we need to know is already within us, but we need help to get it out to the surface. The essence of his approach was that he didn’t try to teach anyone, but he was asking questions as if he wanted to learn from the ones he interviewed; he made people realize the answers by themselves. He thought that the true understanding and true knowledge comes from the inside and it can’t be imposed by others. According to Socrates, method of dialogue has two phases. The first phase is phase of irony, which has a goal to indicate interlocutors to their own ignorance....
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