What is an an analysis of Aristotle's concept of friendship in the Nichomachean Ethics?


Aristotle, & McKeon, R. (2001). The basic works of Aristotle. New York: Modern

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Aristotle writes, “we praise those who love their friends” (1155a). However, Aristotle argues in his book Nicomachean Ethics that there are three levels of friendship. The first two levels of friendship Aristotle describes are friendships of utility and friendship for the sake of pleasure (1156a). The third level of friendship Aristotle calls “perfect friendship” or friendship of virtue. In this paper, the three levels of friendship will be discussed. Additionally, a personal reflection will be given on the three levels of friendship as they relate to contemporary life.

First, there are friendships of utility. By utility, Aristotles means “usefulness.” For example, it is useful to have a friend who knows about science if you are struggling in science class. Or, two people become friends because one is shy, and the other is outgoing....

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