Create a one-page response to the following philosophical thought experiment:

A precocious eleven year old you met earlier has returned to your house. She comes up to you and you brace yourself. She says, “I read at the local 7-11 store a notice that was posted. It said ‘smoking is known to the State of California to cause lung cancer.’ How does California know that? How does California know, like, anything?”

Solution PreviewSolution Preview

These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

First, I would explain to the precocious eleven-year old that people can know certain things about the world. For example, if I smoke a cigarette I can tell you about how it feels, the taste of the tobacco, and other things that I experience. If I am a scientist, I can examine the chemicals that make up cigarettes and I can tell you the effects these chemicals have on human beings. How do I know? I base it on experience. Smoking causes lung cancer is a fact that people have come to know based on many studies into this matter. If new information comes out that smoking cigarettes does not cause lung cancer, then the State of California will have to change the warning. However, let us assume that the scientists who have studied whether or not the chemicals in cigarettes cause cancer are a group of people. So, it is safe to say that groups of people can know things....

By purchasing this solution you'll be able to access the following files:

for this solution

or FREE if you
register a new account!

PayPal, G Pay, ApplePay, Amazon Pay, and all major credit cards accepted.

Find A Tutor

View available General Philosophy Tutors

Get College Homework Help.

Are you sure you don't want to upload any files?

Fast tutor response requires as much info as possible.

Upload a file
Continue without uploading

We couldn't find that subject.
Please select the best match from the list below.

We'll send you an email right away. If it's not in your inbox, check your spam folder.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
Live Chats