From Plato forward there has been a continuing debate over whether or not justice is a function of political power. Was Thrasymachus correct? Or, is there a theory of justice that transcends political power?

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The concept of justice takes a central place in political philosophy. In overall, the focus of the theory of justice two-fold. Theory of justice firstly defines the justice either what justice is or as what justice is not. The second focus of the theories of justice is the nature of the justice, and what are its functions.
Ever since the Plato’s discussion on the matter of justice in the Republic, there have been ongoing debates on the nature of justice and its functions. For example, Thrasymachus’s radical theory of justice defines the justice as interest of the stronger, thus understands the justice as a function of political power, whereby the obedience to laws is just, and disobedience is unjust. Similarly, the justice is advantage of another. However, Thrasymachus’s radical theory of justice is only one of many theories of justice developed throughout the history. For example, Rawl’s theory of justices defines the justice as fairness. Therefore, this paper examines the theory of justice as a function of the political power and provides an overview of the theories of justice that transcend political power. The paper argues that although the theory that see justice as a function of the political power is valid and right in some of its aspects, it is constrained, at least as it is defined by Thrasymachus....
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