1. Explain Mill's concerns with not allowing free speech.
1. Name the view that says our laws should reflect our morals, making our morals into laws.
1. What is Kant’s first Categorical Imperative?
A. Do whatever actions can be universalized and still have an acceptable world.
B. Act impartially, always following the rules.
C. Follow the rules, regardless of the consequences.
D. Try to help people by being respectful.
1. Explain free will vs. determinism.
Connect this distinction to drug use.
1. Both Battin and Szasz emphasize an individual's control over his own body. What is this consideration called?
1. Why does Battin argue for allowing active euthanasia?
A. It's taking an action to intentionally end someone's life.
B. It's effective at stopping suffering, which is merciful.
C. It ends life by interfering with nature, unlike passive euthanasia, where the body dies naturally.
D. It's morally equivalent to passive euthanasia and may be more merciful or just.
1. According to Plato’s Euthyphro problem, which of these is NOT a possible interpretation of the Divine Command Theory?
A. God tells us what is right/wrong because it really is right/wrong.
B. God determines right/wrong.
C. God tells individuals to choose what is right/wrong for themselves.
D. Something is right/wrong because God decides it is right/wrong.
1. Explain the slippery slope concern, in its most general form. Then, apply this concern to two of the ethical issues we discussed in class.
Evaluate this concern for each issue. Explain why you do or don't think it is effective in each case. Give specific, original examples.
1. Explain two ways deontology and consequentialism may not be so different.
1. Which of these explains Aristotle’s Golden Mean?
A. We need to avoid the excesses of too much and too little.
B. We need to find the middle ground of proper action using our reason.
C. We need to find an appropriate excess, which is situation dependent.
D. We need to reason to the middle ground of action, which will differ by person and situation.
1. Identify who said this quotation and on what topic. Then, explain what it means and how it relates to the topic where we discussed it.
"No society in which these liberties are not, on the whole, respected, is free, whatever may be its form of government; and none is completely free in which they do not exist absolute and unqualified."
1. Which is Dershowitz's view of a problem with the political correctness movement?
A. The goals of increasing diversity and protecting people from offensive speech contradict.
B. Increasing diversity is not a worthwhile goal.
C. Speech is harmful, especially to college students, so speech codes are needed to protect them.
D. Speech codes would be hard to apply, as any speech can be viewed as harmful to somebody.
1. Which of these is a criticism of Utilitarianism?
A. It’s impossible to do because we can never make everyone happy.
B. It’s impossible to do because it asks us to ignore intentions.
C. It’s impossible to do because it asks us to ignore consequences.
D. It’s impossible to do because we cannot predict in advance who will be affected and how they will be affected.
1. Which is an accurate statement of Wilson and Szasz's points about drug use harming others?
A. Wilson says drug use makes people unproductive (bad husband, bad father, bad employee). Szasz says drug use does not make people "sick." Instead, these people were lazy and uncomfortable in society already.
B. Szasz says drug use makes people unproductive (bad husband, bad father, bad employee). Wilson says drug use does not make people "sick." Instead, these people were lazy and uncomfortable in society already.
C. Wilson says the moral model of addiction means we should blame people for the harm they cause to people around them. Szasz says the disease model of addiction means we shouldn't blame people for the harm they cause to people around them.
D. Wilson says drug use should not be accepted because of paternalism. Szasz says drug use should be tolerated because it's important to allow people to self-medicate.
1. What does Ayn Rand argue is the false dichotomy presented between egoism and altruism? What is the appropriate way to view egoism?
A. The false dichotomy is that you either help yourself (egoism) or you help others (altruism). The right view of egoism is of helping others because it will help yourself.
B. The false dichotomy is that you either sacrifice yourself to others (altruism) or you sacrifice others to you (egoism). The right view of egoism is that you sacrifice yourself some of the time.
C. The false dichotomy is that you either do what is in the best interest of others (altruism) or the best interest of yourself (egoism). The right view of egoism is that your best interest should be connected to sacrificing yourself to help others.
D. The false dichotomy is that you either sacrifice others to you (egoism) or sacrifice yourself to others (altruism). The right view of egoism is of being independent from others.
1. Which of these is NOT an argument for euthanasia?
C. questionable autonomy
D. duty to die
1. Which is an accurate statement of why Fish argues against the value of free speech?
A. Speech causes harm just like actions.
B. Free speech needs to be recognized as an end in itself.
C. Speech is clearly different from action.
D. Offensive speech can limit college students from exploring new ideas.
1. Which of these statements is NOT true of Wilson, Husak, and Szasz's ideas about paternalism and drug use?
A. Wilson thinks drugs should be illegal because they are immoral.
B. Wilson thinks drugs should be illegal because they debase the addict's life.
C. Husak thinks drugs should be legal because it's not appropriate for the law to force men to be virtuous.
D. Szasz thinks drugs should be legal because a person can decide himself what to do to his body.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Q1. Explain Mill’s concerns with not allowing free speech.
Mill’s primary argument is that allowing free speech is at the heart of the proper role and goals of government. Specifically, government must protect people, and that includes protecting people to be first free thinkers and then free speakers, free actors, etc. Mill’s key observation here is that when ideas are not the ideas typically accepted by the majority, such ideas tend to be quieted in favor of prevailing, controlling, and thereby tyrannical opinions and dispositions. One of Mill’s key justifications for this position is that the silencing of anyone’s ideas is a harm to everyone, primarily through the loss of the sharpening and strengthening of ideas that happens when ideas clash.
Q2 LEGAL MORALISM
Q3 A. Do whatever actions can be universalized and still have an acceptable world...