1. In explaining why people are different from each other, Rutter provided several important theoretical perspectives. Describe (with some details) these perspectives; provide useful examples when necessary. Attention should be focused on how these different areas (e.g., physical, environment, genetic) interact with each other. Additional information provided by the chapter on evolutionary psychology should also be incorporated in here)
Q2. “Big-five” Personality theory has been widely used to describe human attributes. Describe the five dimensions and provide research evidence that these attributes tend to be reasonably stable over time. Describe what factors might contribute to personality development (evolutionary psychology should be discussed). (15 points)
Q3. Parental physical absence often leads to long-term developmental risks in their children. Describe why and how parental absence affects human development. Attachment theory/types should be included in here.
Q4. Some research has shown that psychological trauma in childhood (and adulthood such as PTSD) can have long-term neurobiological damages in many areas. Describe these areas and theories that help explain how individuals cope with trauma (e.g. PTSD). ("Current Theory: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" from Hunt's "War, Trauma and Memory" should be included in your essay).
Q5. Depression is a prevalent mental health problem in the United States, in the Noonday Demon, Andrew Solomon nicely described many aspects of depression. Please briefly summarize the key messages from this reading. (You should also talk about the BDI and BAI measu.
- Beck Anxiety Inventory
- Michael and Marorie Rutter: Chalenge and continuity across the life span, chapter 2
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The big five personality theory is the most dominant theory that is used to describe human personalities. Also known as five factor model (FFM) it is made up of five trait domains which include, extroversion, neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness and agreeableness. Researchers tend to agree that the FFM is based on the universal human traits that go beyond cultural and language limitations. Studies across six continents support the universality and existence of FFM.
According to the FFM, openness is the overall appreciation of emotion, imagination, a variety of experiences, art and adventure. Openness describes the overall ability by individuals to adjust to activities or notions in accordance with the situations presented to them. The openness personality trait attempts to describe how some people are open to new experiences in life and how some people are unwilling to try new experiences. The openness trait describes people according to their overall openness score that categorises them as either a closed individual or...