The main piece of expected work is a research paper of approximately fifteen pages (double-spaced) that analyzes a particular psychosocial or mental health issue in emergency settings. The paper may be problem focused, intervention focused, or both. All papers should consider the ethical issues associated with the topic under discussions.
Papers should demonstrate the ability to apply two frameworks: (1) the social ecological framework that emphasizes the importance of the developing person's (child, adolescent, adult, elder) social environment at multiple levels, and (2) the risk, resilience, protection framework that views resilience or vulnerability as products of a positive or negative ratio of protective factors to risk factors. The paper should include approximately fifteen quality references, some of which may come from the course syllabus. The paper may use APA, Chicago, or other major reference style, and whichever reference style is used should be consistent throughout. in Word format (12 point Times Roman).
The complex issues addressed in this course warrant extensive dialogue and analysis from diverse points of view.
Topic: Integrating the German Society with the Islamic-Syrian Refugee Culture

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

Since 2015, Germany has experienced an increase in the number of refugees fleeing violence from Africa, Middle East, and Central Asia, with Syrians being the third largest group after Turks and Poles (Hindy, 2018). The removal of a legal EU barrier by Chancellor Angela Merkel that previously required Syrians to seek asylum in their first host country upon freeing from Syria paved the way for an increase in the number of Syrian refugees in the country. The increase in the number of Syrian refugees generates multiple sociocultural and psychosocial issues including family functioning and the integration into health, economic, academic, and social contexts. Similarly, the displacement of these individuals from their country and the serious disruptions from economic, social, and educational activities leads to psychosocial and mental health problems (Baron, Jensen, & de Jong, 2003). Whereas conflicts affect all people irrespective of age, children and adolescents are the most affected and are more vulnerable to long-term adverse mental and psychosocial conditions (Becker-Blease, Turner, & Finkelhor, 2010; Benonouna, Fischer, Wessells, & Boothby, 2018). The following research focuses on the integration of the German Society with Syrian refugees while emphasizing the psychosocial and mental health issues affecting children and adolescents.
Social-Ecological Framework
The primary characteristics of conflict zones include violence, imminent danger, community divisions, and expressions for hatred (Anderson, 1999). Additionally, conflict regions also lack stable systems and frameworks for controlling and maintaining order and are instead characterized by significant breach for human rights, lack of citizen protection measures, and escalating tensions among the conflicting groups (Anderson, 1999). Multiple factors are associated with increased risks of exposure to violence and the interplay among all levels that push an individual towards perpetrating violence or makes one a victim of violence. The social-ecological framework is one of the models developed to explain the relationship and the contribution of multiple factors to experiencing or perpetrating violence (Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2019). These factors are individual, community, relationship, and societal, which overlap while creating an interconnected causal factor that determines the likelihood of experiencing or perpetrating violence.
The individual factor, which focuses on the biological and personal history of a person, focuses on the influence of age, income, history of abuse, and substance abuse (CDC, 2019). Similarly, the factor also focuses on the educational background of an individual while establishing a relationship between these experiences and the likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence (CDC, 2019). The other factor is a relationship, which focuses on the closest social circles including family members, partners, and friends and the impact of these interactions with exposure to violence (CDC, 2019). The other factor is a community, which examines the attributes of schools, neighborhoods, and other larger social circles including workplaces that may influence the levels of exposure to violence and create vulnerability or trigger perpetration of violence (CDC, 2019). The last and largest factor is societal, which examines the frameworks or the structures that support or suppress violence. Additionally, the scope of societal factor is very large because it also examines other attributes such as economic, educational and socioeconomic inequalities that may trigger perpetration or make individuals vulnerable to violence.
These factors have been identified as increasing risks of violence-related trauma and mental health conditions (Miller & Rasmussen, 2009). Mental health issues among victims or perpetrators of war-related violence have been directly linked to the level of exposure and the daily stressors that result from the violence (Miller & Rasmussen, 2009). Similarly, the relationship, community, and societal factors have also emerged as significant contributors to mental health conditions alongside the daily stressors that emerge from war-related violence (Miller & Rasmussen, 2009). The exposure of an individual to violence leads to trauma, which is escalated by the daily stressors of...

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