1. Read the Case Scenario: Ashleigh.
2. Review Lessons 1, 2, 3, and 4 and your reflections on the approaches and frameworks to understanding mental health.
3.Write a short 3–5 page case study essay responding to the following questions:
A. How might the various perspectives and approaches to mental health contribute to the EAP therapist Alan’s understanding of the situation. Specifically, refer to the Biological Interpretation from Lesson 2, the Social Science Theory Perspective from Lesson 3 and the Diagnostic frameworks of Lesson 4).
B. How might these approaches result in different plans/goals for Ashleigh?
C. Consider the strengths and limitations of drawing upon the different perspectives in Ashleigh’s case.

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Mental health has no specific definition but in 2010 the World Health Organization (WHO) defined it as a state of emotional and psychological well-being that allows a person to use cognitive and emotional capabilities, while functioning adeptly in the society (Goldner, Bilsker and Jenkins, 2016). The Canadian Senate Report goes further to state that mental health is characteristic of happiness, positive self-esteem, interest in life, and work satisfaction among others. The correlation between mental health and quality of life is dependent upon a better physical health, economic productivity, and greater social cohesion and stability.
Biological Interpretation of Ashleigh’s Case
The inability of Ashleigh to sleep is an indication of a malfunctioning of the reticular formation, located in the brainstem and midbrain, and which regulates sleep, wakefulness, and arousal. The lack of sleep could be as a result of using sedatives or stimulants containing caffeine like coffee, tea, or caffeine-containing drinks (Goldner, Bilsker and Jenkins, 2016). The confused state of mind Ashleigh exhibits has affected her heart rate since the brainstem and midbrain regulate rhythmic physiological activities. The fear of losing her job injects fear which has impacted on her breathing pattern by increasing the heart rate. The thinking and reasoning of Ashleigh has been distorted and signifies the appearance of a mental disorder or the use of a psychoactive substance. The moods and emotions displayed by Ashleigh signify a dysfunctional limbic system...

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