Part A: Short-Answer Questions
Answer the following six questions that relate to the Module 4 readings, using full sentences and short paragraphs as appropriate Your responses should be clear and succinct, approximately 75 words in length per question. No single question should exceed 125 words.
1. With respect to "Big Brothers/Big Sisters Mentoring: The Power of Developmental Relationships." why do you think minority Little Brothers and Sisters showed a more dramatic lowering effect in their likelihood to use drugs, compared to non-minority Little Brothers and Sisters?
2. With respect to the Criss et al. article, it was found that neither temperament nor social information-processing patterns (encoding skills) influenced the likelihood of having positive peer relationships and friendships. The authors also note that unmeasured factors, such as physical attractiveness, IQ, and athletic ability could possibly account for the buffering effects of positive peer relationships and friendships How do you think such factors could influence having positive peer relationships and friendships, which would consequently lead to protection against family risk factors? Feel free to draw on research findings from the earlier modules (such as previous research on IQ and social competence) when giving your answer.
3. According to the Rodgers and Rose study, the most salient finding with respect to the resilience model is that peer support can buffer the effects of low parental support on internalizing behaviours for adolescents from divorced single-parent families. One interpretation of this finding is that more peer support leads to less internalizing behavior. However. another plausible explanation is that adolescents with internalizing behaviors attract less peer support. Why might that be the case?
4. One core problem with the Coaden et al. study is that many members of the control group actually did attend other forms of homework assistance programs. Can you think of a way to deal with this issue?
5. Consider Michael Chandler's research and explain how the narrative strategy of self and the oral storytelling traditions of Canadian Aboriginals play a role in maintaining cultural continuity and building resilience in Aboriginal youth. (You may also want to include examples from Rod McCormick's research in your answer.)
6. Achor suggests that social support speeds the process of recovery The readings, modules, and assignments have continually focused on the many factors associated with resilience. Present an argument to either support or refute Achor's statement Feel free to draw on previous readings, modules, or assignments to support your answer.

Part B: Assignment
Write a paper (1 maximum 500 words) (2-3 double-spaced word-processed pages) on one of the following topics. Be sure that you are presenting the concepts in your own words and that you include current information. Your word-processed assignments should follow APA format for preparing your paper and citing sources.

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

Question 1
The Big Brother/Big Sister is a mentoring program where a young person is paired up with a same sex ‘big brother’ or ‘big sister’. The program has been in existence since 1958 and is tailored to mentor children from single parent homes or from homes where the father or mother is not present, therefore lacking support from an adult in the young persons’ life. The program has had good results. For instance, the youth from different areas enrolled in the program are significantly less likely to abuse drugs, alcohol, get violent, skip school and classes among other social ills that the youth from similar backgrounds and are not in the program are prone to. The study has analyzed youth between eleven and thirteen years.
Question 2
According to the Criss article, family risk factors like socioeconomic status, harsh physical discipline, and marital conflict have a negative effect on the behavior of children. However, some inherent characteristics in a child such as athletic ability, IQ, physical attractiveness and other desirable characteristics act as a buffer for the child as the child concentrates on their own positive attributes that are admired by peers. The article further explains that the peer acceptance and friendship networks help the youth from involvement in externalizing behavior such as aggression and acting out. The author also point out that other...

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