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Instructions The assignment has two parts: Part A. Short-Answer Questions (30 marks) Part B: Essay (70 marks) Details of each section follow. Part A: Short-Answer Questions (30 marks) Answer the following six questions that relate to the Module 3 readings, using full sentences and short paragraphs as appropriate. Your responses should be clear and succinct, approximately 75 words in length per question. No single question should exceed 125 words Each question is worth five (5) marks. 1. With respact to the Walsh article, consider a family you know of that has been dealing with critical family issues such 89 addiction mental ilíness, or joo loss or is griaving the loss of B loved one. Adop: the family resilience model and list some of the strengths of the family. Can you outline how these family strengths may help build family reailience in the face of adversity? Ensure you do not reveal the identity of the family. You may use a oseudonym (e.g.. "Smith" or "Doe') in your responae. 2. Describe the example given in the McCabe at al. article that illustrates the importance of not generalizing research findings from the majority group (i.e., Caucasians) to a minority group. 3. May's article discusses gender differences between mothers and tathers when dealing with their child's serious hesith issues. How might developing a social support program for fathers with children who have serious health issues help these fathers and, in turn, their children? What sorts of topics might be included in such a program? 4. Assume that you are an employer and draw from the Grzywacz and Bass's research to suggest one recommendation you would make to foster optimum work and family environments for your employees. Explain the reason for your recommendation 5. Based on what you learned from the Johnson et al. article, what would be the benefits of following up these youth and parents, say, four years after the initial training program? Suggest two questions you would include in an interview given to the parents and teans at these follow-up sessions. 8. Considering what you learned from the Lucy LeMare study on Romanian orphans, would you expect the relationship between longth of Part B: Essay (70 marks) Write an essay of 500-750 words (2-3 double-spaced word-processed pages) on one of the following topics. Bu sure that you are presenting the concepts in your own words and that you include current information, Your word-processed assignments should follow APA format for preparing your essay and citing sources. The following rubric may be helpful in helping you organize your assignment The rubric will also be used to mark your assignment. Criteria Target Acceptable Unacceptable Organization Information is very Information is The information organized with well organized, but appears to be constructed paragraphs are not disorganized. Little paragraphs well-constructed evidence of an (including (introduction, body. and introduction, body, introduction, body, conclusion lacking). and conclusion and conclusion). Assignment less than Assignment less than Assignment within 250 words or exceeds 250 words. or 250 to 400 words. 400 words. exceeds 400 words. Mechanics No grammatical, A few grammatical, Many grammatical, spelling. or spelling, or punctuation spelling, or punctuation errors errors. punctuation errors. Critical Evidence of critical Soms evidence of No evidence of Thinking examination critical thought, critical thought. Thoughts presented although comments are reflective and are repetitive of those insightful. presented in journal articles. Examination Is able to make Comprehends the Is not comprehending of Concepts inferences and surface level meaning or reflecting upon comprehends and begins to relate what is read. deeper meaning issues to those consistently presented in the demonstrating course/readings. insight and the relevance to resiliency If you have any questions about the assignment, consuit your Open Learning Faculty Member. When you have completed the assignment, submit it to your Opon Learning Facully Member for comments and evaluation Assigament 3: Resilience and the Family Learning Faculty Member for evaluation That way. you have a copy to refer to during a telephone conversation or email exchange with your Open Learning Faculty Member Also, in the unlikely event that your assignment is lost, you will have an extra copy of your work. Many student writing manuals today suggest that students keep copies of all early drafts of their work as well. to protect themsulves against mistaken charges of plagiariam. Option 1: Other Family Resilience Research You havo been introducer to mairy lamily resilience factors in this modulo, however the effects of particular family factors protecting against other types of adversity (e.g., poor school performance) have not been discussed Find at least two peer-roviewed journal articles that examine the protective effecta of famiy resilience on an adversity that has not boon discussed in this module. Summarize your articles, and provide your informed reaction (i.e., your opinion. based on evidence). Compare and contrast the articles (i.e., what similarities did you find? what differences?). Option 2: Cross-Cultural Research in Family Resilience 1. Read and then summariza Cohen, Sionim, Finzi. and Leichtentritt's journal article entitled Family Resilience: Israeli Mothers' Perspectives." You may use the notes and focus questions below to guide your summary. Once you have summarized the article, provide your informed reaction (i.e., your opinion based on evidence). 2. Find an additional peer-reviewed journal article that examines family resilience using a cross-cultural perspective, and summarize the findings from that sludy. Once you have summarized the article. provide your informed reaction (i.e., your opinion based on evidence). 3. Compare and contrast Cohen et al $ research article with your research artide. What similarities did you find? What differences? Notes for "Family Resilionce: taraeli Mothers' Porspectivos" it is important and helpful to be aware of possible cross-cultural differences when it comes to defining *family resilience." As you have discovered in previous papers in this course, concepts can have different meanings to different people, depending upon the culture studied Recall. for example, the problems in generalizing research results gathered from the white, middle-class, majority culture to the urban African American minority culture. The same could be said of ganeralizing findings from North American cultures to other cultures such as those of the Middle East Thus, it is important to conduct research that examinos spocific culturos in order to find similarities and differences among particular concepte, such as "family resilience.' This paper examines what "family resilience" means to a sample of Israeli mothers When we think of Israel. often visions of war. violence, and political unrest come to mind. But it is important that we appreciate that Israeli citizens also deal with the day-to-day stressors that most of us are familiar with, such as family illnesses and divorce You will see by the results of this study that Israeli mothers' concepts of family resilience are actually very similar to North American concapts, suggesting that family resilience is a fairly universal concept. Another important issue to note is that this study is qualitative in nature Most studies you have read so far are quantitative A quantitative study is number-based such as studies whaneby individuals fill out questionnalires, and numerical sccres 'cr each questionnaire are generated for each participant These numbers are then entered into a statistical program and statistical analyses are conducted A qualitative study. on the other hand, uses methods such as interviews, observations, and case studies to gather detailed data about a particular concept. This study on Israeli mothers used a somi-structured interview format as well as a small Assignment 3: Resilience and the Fumily sample size. Leading questions, such as asking the mothers about a recent stressful event how they interprated it, and how their farnily deal: with the stressful event were part of the interview. along with asking the women to give a general definition of "family resilience. Much data was generatod, as the 15 intervieurs in this study averaged two hours each. The answers the mothers gave were then analyzed uaing what is called 'grounced theory," a contral componert of qualitative anclyses. This means that common themes in the women's answers 36 they related to family resi lence were identified and catagories were created The authora of this research article expiain the processes involved in analyzing interview data such as the different types of coding that take place. Researchers often use the themes identified in qualitative analyses to create questionnaires, which can consequently be used in quantitative anayses with a larger sample size. Thus, qualitative studies are often preliminary in nature, providing a basis for the development of quantitative studies Focus Questions for Reading Consider using the following questions to guide your reading and written summary of this article. 1. What were the goals of the present study? 2 Why did the authora chcose to interview women from Israel, rather than from another country? 3. What were the five main categories identified that captured the concept of recilience for the women? Give a brief description of each catagory in your own words 4. For each category identifiad in question 3. give an example from the article. 5. What was a limitation of this stucy? Can you think of any other limitations? Option 3: Foster Children and Family Resilience 1. Read and then summarize Schwartz's journal article entitled, Family Resilience and Pragmatic Parent Education. You may use the notes and focus questions below to guide your summary. Once you have summarized the article, provide your informed reaction (i.e., your opinion based on evidence). You may also want to consider some of the issues raised in Lucy LeMare's case of the Romanian orphan interviews. 2. Find an additional peer reviewed journal article that examinos family resilience, using an educational perspective, and summarize the findings from that study Once you have summarizod tha article, provide your informed reaction (i.e., your opinion based on ovidence). 3. Compare and contrast Schwartz's (and LeMare's, if you have chosen to include it) research with your research article. What similarities did you find? What differences? Notes for "Family Resillence and Pragmatic Parent Education" What if wo could teach parents how to build resilience into their families? As we have seen in past research, family resilience may protect both parents and children from adversity. Considor the case of foster children who have often had their share of adversity. They are usually bom into unstable home environments whore thay often experience abuse and/or neglect This kind of family background may put these children at risk for developing emotional issues such as depression or behavioural issues such as delinquency. Furthermore, many foster children have been moved from one foster care home to another, adding to the instability of their situation Thus, it is particularly important for foster parents to build protective factors into their parenting and into their family unit in order to help buffer the past. present. and future adverse effects of being a foster child

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1. Similar to the Walsh article, I know of the Marsh family who is dealing with recovery from a family addiction issue. The family is strong with its personal awareness of internal factors. For example, their ability to apply critical awareness and a sense of self-efficacy to themselves makes them secure with themselves and able to be honest with how this issue affects every one of them. In the face of adversity, the family can build upon this sense of personal security to ensure each other’s welfare by securing a healthy set of norms and expectations for each other. Building upon this solid foundation, they can accurately relate themselves to the community around them and expand their positive values to include healthy influences from mentors for the children and counselors for the parents, and eventually recover to a stable culture in general.
2. The McCabe et al article (1999) was important

Throughout Module 3, there were many informative articles to study the many elements which contribute to resilience in people of all ages, along with their respective effects and long-term consequences. With so many potential options many treatment plans are available, but for every new context we can examine wherein an adverse event takes a gripping effect on a family, there are new contexts and adaptive elements of resilience to analyze and potentially implement in the design and execution of future programs in clinical psychology. Therefore it is the intent of this specific paper to focus on a new angle by which to consider resilience – namely, academic performance. By examining the impact of resilience status and self-efficacious values on academic learning, one can draw new plans for research and program design...

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