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Assignment Instructions

A scholarly research paper focused on either learning or cognition, of 6 to 8 pages in paper body length (not including the cover page or references page), double-spaced with 1" margins on all sides of each page, is required.
APA style formatting is required.

The assignment should include a title page, abstract, body of paper, and a separate page entitled "References" listing sources used and attached to the end.

This is the course Text book
Goldstein, B. E. (2011). Cognitive psychology, connecting mind, research, and everyday experience (3rd. ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth

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Imitation and Conformity: Social learning and peer influence in children and adolescents

ABSTRACT:

Children and adolescents are both subject to the same influences that determine how they pick up and develop new kinds of behavior.
While we tend to associate the concepts of social learning with the development of new behavior patterns in adults and link the role of peer pressure to the adolescent age, the two forms of behavior acquisition are not all that different, nor is each one localized to a specific age group.

This paper examines how social learning and conformity occur across age groups. Where signs of behavior resembling responses to peer pressure may be observed in children as young as 3 or 4 years of age, adolescents may be found to be more greatly influenced by observational learning than a need to conform when they pick up certain habits.

The social learning theory as proposed by Albert Bandura emphasizes the role of the environment and external variables when it comes to learning new behaviors.
Bandura (1977) focused more on the role of the individual him or herself when it came to adopting new behavior patterns.
Unlike Pavlov and Skinner, Bandura saw the individual as an active participant when it came to processing information and saw these changes in behavior as a result of observational learning i.e. learning by watching someone else perform a behavior and then imitating it.

Bandura’s bobo doll experiment (Bandura et al, 1961) is a groundbreaking and landmark example of this theory in action. Children who...
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