Mentalism is the explanation of behavior, where the cause of the behavior is accredited to a phenomena in the behavioral measurement (Moore, 2013). Mentalism focuses on the private events are separate from the behavioral events, according to (Cooper, Heward, & Heron, 2007). For example, faith and subjective ideas are seen as examples of mentalism. From an ABA perspective, the father of behaviorism B.F. Skinner, known for an objective perspective to explain behavior, which includes private events (including a mentalistic viewpoint), for example, thoughts and feelings. This theory is called radical behaviorism.
2. Describe the radical behaviorist's perspective regarding feelings, states of mind, and mental (covert or private) events.
The three basic assumptions surrounding radical behaviorism serve to gain or avoid something, as a reaction to the environmental factors, such as one’s thoughts, feelings, actions, and emotions. The first assumption of radical behaviorism is that thoughts and feelings exist as behavior, therefore they are not only events of mentalism (Cooper, Heward, & Heron, 2007). The second assumption of radical behaviorism is that behavior that is private (behavior that occurs in the mind and/or body) is measured scientifically exclusively because it can’t be seen by others, however it is still considered behavior (Cooper, Heward, & Heron, 2007). Finally the third assumption of behavior states that both private and public events/behaviors serve as function of environmental variables, which can be measured (Cooper, Heward, & Heron, 2007).
3. Provide a recent example of a situation where you were exposed to or considered a mentalistic explanation for your own or someone else's behavior.
Mentalism studies the thoughts and feelings to explain behavioral patterns, therefore, anxiety in my life can be seen as subjective. For example, as a spiritual person, when I was interviewing for Behavior Therapist jobs, I accidentally interviewed at the wrong Autism center. I was offered the job and I have since worked there, nearly 2.5 years later. This company is rooted in Christ, therefore, this serves as my example. I am confident that my faith in a higher power led me to the best company ever.
Cooper, J., Heward, W., & Heron, T. (2007). Applied Behavior Analysis(2 ed.).
Moore, J. (2013). Mentalism as a Radical Behaviorist Views It — Part 1. The Journal of Mind and Behavior, 34(2), 133-164.
These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.1. According to Thornbury (2006) mentalism is the view that beliefs, preferences, and other mental states of humans capture real phenomena on par with unobservable objects in science such as electromagnetic fields or electrons. According to this view, the human mind and mental states exist as inner states of a person, which are causally efficacious in nature. As Moore (2013) states, mentalism concerns the explanation of human behavior. In this case, the causes of behaviors are associated with a specific phenomenon. Private events are seen as separate from behavioral events. According to Cooper, Heward, and Heron (2007), faith, for example, can be treated as an example of mentalism because it is a private event. In the same manner, subjective ideas are also seen as examples of mentalism because they are within a person’s mind are private behaviors....
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