QuestionQuestion

Part 1
1. Social psychologists have found that offering students money or prizes in exchange for good grades can actually undermine students’ interest in their school work because students then only want to do the work if they are going to get paid. Why do you think this might be? Do you find this research result surprising, or not surprising? Why?

2. From a (sociocultural, evolutionary, social learning, or social cognitive perspective - choose one) why do men typically pay the expenses on a date? Explain how your perspective would account for this trend.

3. Which perspective do believe has the most explanatory power in explaining the differences in levels of aggression between males and females? Why do you feel that way?

4. The teenage years are often a gateway to a lifetime as either a smoker or a non-smoker. How might a psychologist use social learning theory to design a program to limit smoking in high school students?

Part 2
Please read the following items and answer the questions that follow. Answers must be complete using proper grammar and punctuation and adhere to APA standards. Any outside sources must be referenced and cited.

1. Fathers who stay home with their children and mothers who are breadwinners for their household are two topics that have received a good deal of media attention recently. Imagine you are writing a news story about either stay-at-home dads or breadwinner-moms and need to interview a (1) sociologist, a (2) psychologist, and a (3) social psychologist for your report. How might each explain the social behavior?

2. Ask three friends to tell you about an object they own that has special symbolic meaning. What is the object? How might others perceive it differently from your friend? How did the object come to have symbolic importance for your friend? Has its symbolic meaning changed how your friend interacts with the object?

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. Social psychologists have found that offering students money or prizes in exchange for good grades can actually undermine students’ interest in their school work because students then only want to do the work if they are going to get paid. Why do you think this might be? Do you find this research result surprising, or not surprising? Why?

There is consensus that contextual, personal, behavioral, and the interaction among these factors influence the learning and academic achievement of students (Li & Carroll, 2019). Concerning individual factors, motivation (intrinsic and extrinsic) is among the elements with the highest predictive index in determining the academic performance of students (Bettina, 2015). Students with intrinsic motivation pursue learning tasks to enhance competence while students who are extrinsically motivated performance learning tasks to impress others, get rewards, and gain favorable judgment from peers and teachers. Research has shown that intrinsically motivated students perform better than extrinsically motivated students (Bettina, 2015). Therefore, offering students money or prizes undermines the learner’s interest in academic work, and these findings are not surprising. This is because offering cash or prizes does not...

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