QuestionQuestion

Read please Chapter 8 (pp. 132–150) of the Fisher, Piazza, and Roane (2011) text.

4 page paper demonstrating your ability to identify socially valid measurable and observable target behaviors for change.
You will discuss your rationale for the social validity of each target behavior and discuss reliability issues associated with observational methods used in data collection.

Include the following in your paper:
For this assignment you will identify three different socially valid behaviors for change for a client.
I have attached for food selection, tantrums, aggression
Provide a short introduction for each client.
Each targeted behavior can increase or decrease but make sure you discuss the social validity associated for each type of change for the client.
Next, you will choose a different observational method (i.e., frequency, time sampling, and duration) and provide a rationale for choosing that observational method.
Include a description of the advantages and disadvantages for the reliability for each observational method chosen.
Finally, provide a behavioral definition for each behavior.

In your paper, be sure to provide the following:
• The full-text citation for your texts and articles to support your statements.
• A title page and reference page
• Theoretical introduction
• Conclusion or summary
Be sure to use APA style.
An abstract is not required.

The paper should:
• Follow Assignment directions (review grading rubric for best results).
• Use correct APA formatting per the APA Publication Manual, 6th Edition.
• Demonstrate college-level communication through the composition of original materials in Standard American English.
• Be written in Standard American English and be clear, specific, and error-free.

The student provides a brief introduction for each client to include age, gender, setting for the presenting problem, ecological variables related to the problem, previous intervention data, baseline of behavior, and normative expectations (normalization/habilitation).
The student identifies three (3) socially valid behaviors for a client in measurable and observable terms to include occurrences and non-occurrences of behavior.
The rationale and social validity for each chosen behavior is clearly discussed.
The student identifies three (3) different observational methods, one for each of the three (3) behaviors chosen and provides a clear rationale for choosing each specific observational method.
The student clearly discusses the advantages, disadvantages, reliability, and validity issues associated with of each of the three (3) observational methods chosen.
A behavioral objective (client, context, behavior, criterion for mastery) for each of the three (3) chosen behaviors is presented.

Writing
Style and Mechanics: A clear and logical organization with a theoretical introduction and conclusion is included.
Paragraphs and sentences are well developed. Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
Meets length requirements of 4 pages.

APA Style: Formatted correctly and included headings/levels using APA style.
Provides references to support conclusions.
Paraphrased correctly and accurately; direct quotes used minimally.

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

Target behaviors

Identifying socially valid, measurable and observable target behaviors
The aim of the present paper is to identify socially valid measurable and observable target behaviors for change in three independent scenarios. I will present my rationale for the social validity of each of the three selected target behaviors and discuss reliability issues associated with observational methods that are proposed for data collection.
Theoretical introduction
Behaviors targeted for a change need to be identified and properly defined. Behavioral definitions (i.e. observational codes) are descriptions of target responses designed for controlling observers’ scoring of behavior (Fisher, Piazza, and Roane, 2011). The adequacy of behavioral definitions is judged by how consistent and accurate they are in controlling observation of the behavior, and to what extent they allow the behavior analyst to obtain data that will lead to effective action by gaining control of socially meaningful behavior (Fisher, Piazza, and Roane, 2011).
Social validity associated with target behavior change is the next important aspect that can be evaluated at the following levels: (a) the social significance of the goals or the importance of the goals for society; (b) consumers’ (e.g., families) perceptions of the social appropriateness, or acceptability, of the intervention; and (c) consumers’ perceptions of the social importance of the intervention effects or their satisfaction with the intervention outcomes. It can be assessed by social comparison or subjective evaluation (Fisher, Piazza, and Roane, 2011).
After the socially valid target behavior has been specified, an observational system should be selected (Cooper, Heron...

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