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There is a hypothesis existing in areas of paranormal science and the parapsychological scientific community pertaining to the effects of extra sensory mechanisms and whether or not these would have an effect on an individual believing or not believing in accepting what is coincidence and what can be explained with concrete evidence. Dr. Gertrude Schmeidler, an expert at Harvard University, conducted many of these so called “Sheep and Goat” tests to determine the outcome in various scenarios (Extrasensory Perception (ESP) par. 1). This article will explore the Sheep-Goat phenomenon and attempt to describe the overall concept in general.
Dr. Schmeidler actually conducted the studies over a nine year period and the studies have been replicated since this time in various environments with different hypotheses. In her work, the participants were divided into two groups: the sheep and the goats. The “sheep” were those participants who believe in the concept of extra sensory perception (ESP) and the fact is could possibly occur. The “goats” were those participants who did not believe this. The final scores actually showed a difference between the sheep and goats. The sheep scores fell above the level of “chance” expectation and the goat scores fell below the level of “chance” expectation....