Do a brief summary of the study "Predicting Reoffense in Pedophilic Child Molesters by Clinical Diagnoses and Risk Assessment". Then, explain how and why the study reports the possibility of either a Type I or Type II error. Finally, explain the potential consequence to the research study of making either a Type I or a Type II error and which is more “tolerable” and why.
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Given that it has been found that the diagnosis of pedophilia based on DSM is not an adequate predictor of sexual reoffense in convicted child molesters, the present study has researched the prognostic value of exclusive pedophilia and several risk assessment instruments - The Screening Scale of Pedophilic Interests (SSPI), Static-99, Stable-2007, Violence Risk Scale: Sexual Offender Version (VRS:SO), and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). The sample consisted of prison released pedophilic sexual offenders. Convergent validity of risk assessment instruments was examined and it was found that most of the measures positively correlated with each other....
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