Read the text Cooper, Heron and Heward (2007) Chapter 23.
- Phillips, K. J., & Mudford, O. C. (2011). Effects of noncontingent reinforcement and choice of activity on aggressive behavior maintained by attention. Behavioral Interventions, 26 (2), 147–160.
- Wacker, D., et al. (2013). Conducting functional communication training via telehealth to reduce the problem behavior of young children with autism. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 25, 35–48.

Describe two separate behaviors that would be good candidates for the use of an antecedent intervention through either the use of Non-Contingent Reinforcement (NCR) or the High Probability Request Sequence (HPRS)(you can chose if you want to be easy nail biting or something else) For each behavior, discuss the specifics of how you would use the antecedent intervention to change the behavior, and include details regarding whether or not the method of change which you selected used either abolishing operations or establishing operations, and why.
Finally, describe how unintended consequences may arise when using antecedent interventions, any ethical, legal, individual, practical and/or social validity considerations that are unique to these approaches to behavior change, and why these methods of change are often combined with other intervention strategies.

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Noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) is an antecedent intervention founded on a time-based or response-independent reinforcing stimuli delivery (Phillips & Mudford, 2011). NCR is often used for reduction of problem behaviors (Phillips & Mudford, 2011).
The first behavior that can be modified by NCR is a self‐injurious behavior (SIB). NCR delivered on fixed schedule is found to be effective in subjects who demonstrate SIB (Phillips & Mudford, 2011). More specific, SIB such as nail-biting maintained by automatic reinforcement can be reduced by using NCR intervention. For example, other, appropriate sensory stimulation would be made available in subject’s environment (e.g., keeping the subject engaged in desirable activities that provide automatic reinforcement). This would lead to decreasing...
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