• Chapters 5 and 6 (pp. 72–103)
Identify and describe each of the four principles associated with the effective use of chosen reinforcers. Please be sure to include all four. Additionally, reference an example from your personal or professional life in which you attempted to use reinforcement to modify a behavior, but the procedures did not work. Describe how the individual violated these procedures that contributed to the ineffectiveness of the procedure. Discuss how the individual selected the reinforcer, including any possible issues with the reinforcer chosen. For example, you might describe how your spouse gave an allowance at the end of a week to your child when he did his chores but that, when your spouse changed his allowance to every other week, there was a decrease in chore compliance. My example for my professional life is John is 12 years old we are using Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors (DRO) – Also known as omission training procedures – an instrumental conditioning procedure in which a positive reinforcement is periodically delivered only if the participant does something other than the target response.(paraphrase this please ) https://www.special-learning.com/article/differential_reinforcement In the beginning of the session if he say “Hi “he will play on the I pod 13 minutes. Every 10 minutes I am giving to him stickers if he follow my instructions. In the end of the session we count the stickers and every sticker is 5 minutes playing on the IPod.
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Reinforcement refers to changing the probability of the future occurrence of a specific behavior by delivering or removing a stimulus immediately after the behavior (BCOTB, 2018). Reinforcer is defined as a stimulus that maintains or increases the likelihood of a target behavior if gained or lost as a function of that behavior (Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayer, 1991).
First, it should be mentioned that reinforcers should be convenient, easy to dispense, inexpensive, not available from other sources and they should not generate behaviors that are incompatible with behavior that is being reinforced (Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayer, 1991). The following four principles are associated with effectiveness of reinforcers:...