• Chapters 3 and 4 (pp. 32–71
• Chapter 2 in Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied behavior analysis (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.
• Please use as As a reference only the attached
Operant and respondent conditionings are both used to modify behaviors. Compare and contrast operant conditioning and respondent conditioning. Be sure to identify why each works with some behaviors and not with others. Select two behaviors, one that could be modified through operant conditioning and one that could be modified through respondent conditioning. Thoroughly discuss why each behavior chosen is more appropriate for its selected intervention (i.e., respondent or operant) and why the alternative intervention would not be appropriate.
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Respondent or classical conditioning is a process that involves creating an association between a naturally existing stimulus and a previously neutral one, because new stimuli can acquire the ability to elicit respondents (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007). The conditioning is based on stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure developed by Pavlov (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007). There are several variations of respondent conditioning. The main differences among them come down to the timing of the presentation of the neutral stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus: delay conditioning, trace conditioning, simultaneous conditioning, and backward conditioning (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007).
Respondent behaviors are defined as behaviors that are elicited by antecedent stimuli and seemingly occur automatically in the presence of the stimuli (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007)....