Subject Religion Comparative Religion

Question

1.In what way did Hebrew thinking differ from Greek thinking? Explain, and give two examples of this from the Old Testament.

2.What is the teaching of Genesis about the nature and value of the physical universe? About the nature and value of humanity? About the place of human history within creation? About the “knowledge of good and evil” that Adam and Eve come to have? About the consequences of this knowledge?

3.What is Job’s predicament? What is the opinion of his ‘friends’ about his predicament? What threat do Job and his predicament pose to them? How is the Book of Job an internal critique of the religion of ancient Israel? In what way does God show himself to be on Job’s side? And what is God’s own answer to the question: Why do the innocent suffer?

4.In what way do the Prophets develop notions of God’s providence over all creatures and of His love and willingness—even eagerness to forgive? Give examples from three of the Prophets studied.

5.In what way is the Sermon on the Mount a development of the law of the Old Testament? Give specific examples.

6.How do some people attempt to demonstrate that Jesus really did rise from the dead?

7.In his letter to the Ephesians, how does St Paul view the place of Jesus in the history of Israel?

Solution Preview

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1. Thinking of Ancient Hebrew and Ancient Greeks in the theological sense, are an example of a typical disjunction. The Old Testament Jews were considered in the categories of history and linear understood (with the Old Testament begins a linear conception of history, the relationship between the chosen peoples to God); and this is the beginning of the modern linear causal consequent conception of history. They believed that everything what happens is direct result of the relationship with the chosen people and God. In contrast to them, the Ancient Greeks observed the world through the cycles of history, which...

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