QuestionQuestion

Write an essay (approximately 4 pages) that analyzes one of the Christological heresies of the 1st-5th centuries. This paper should consist of an introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction should offer a main idea(s) that become(s) the paper’s connecting thread. The body should be a development of the idea(s) introduced. The conclusion should offer a concise, final thought on the idea(s) addressed throughout the paper.

Select only one of the following heresies:

• Arianism
• Apollinarianism
• Docetism
• Nestorianism
• Adoptionism
• Monophysitism
• Monothelitism
• Sabellianism

Address the following points:

• What does this heresy teach, and who/what group of people initially taught it?
• Make a brief argument that this heresy should indeed be considered a heresy (that it runs contrary to Christianity’s understanding of Jesus, God, and salvation)
• Make a brief argument that this heresy should have been accepted as a traditional Christian position.
• Which argument do you think is stronger? Why?

Adhere to the following guidelines:

• Include a bibliography of at least 3 sources in addition to the textbook. The bibliography can be in MLA , Turabian, or Chicago format. You may not use Wikipedia or any online user-submitted content. If you use any online sources, you must submit them for professor’s approval at least 72 hours in advance of the deadline.
• This paper must be approximately 4 typed pages, double-spaced, standard margins, size 12 font. Accepted fonts include Times New Roman, Arial, Calibri, and Cambria.
• This paper need not include a cover page or a specific type of header. Students should be sure to include name, date, class, and section somewhere at the top of the paper.

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Christianity has never been a united or unanimous movement from the moment of its birth. Numerous New Testament texts show that disputes, disagreements, and dissent occurred frequently even among the apostles and in the very first Christian communities. The reasons for that divergence in opinion and practice are manifold. We know that Christianity stemmed from different sources, and was influenced by a variety of religious and philosophical currents of that time. Among them we find mainstream Judaism, Jewish radical sects, Greek philosophy (especially Neo-Platonism), eastern cults and religions, to name only the principle ones. Likewise, early Christianity comprised followers from a wide spectrum of ethnic groups, cultural backgrounds, and social classes (even though disadvantaged and poor people initially were a majority). All those factors contributed to the rise and spread of heresies, but I argue that very often political considerations and power struggle were a significant moving force behind so called heretical movements. The heresy of Monophysitism is a good showcase of how political considerations influenced religion.
Monophysitism, the name derived from two Greek words, “monos” meaning one, and “physis” meaning nature, is classified as one of so called Christological heresies. That is, it differs from the doctrine on the nature and understanding of the person of Jesus Christ taught by the mainstream church. According to the teaching of Monophysitism, Jesus Christ had just one nature, the divine one, while the human aspects of his person were absorbed by his divine character....
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