Remember: any information and ideas that do not come directly from your head MUST BE CITED in text and the full citations must be provided at the end of your answer. You need to cite the text book and any additional source you use.
1. Given the writings of Pharr, Johnson, and Collins, how can you re-conceptualize oppression in general to open the opportunities for change? In other words, what actions can we as individuals and society as a whole undertake to bridge those gaps of power and privilege based on race, class, gender, disability, citizenship, religion or sexuality?
2. What is your vision of building socially just relationships, communities and society? Clearly, there are no easy answers. However, we all need to start somewhere. Here are the prompts to help you navigate your vision:
a. Begin with identifying 3-4 the patterns of oppression and inequality on campus or in your home community.
b. Based on the readings for Section 10, as well as the discussions throughout the semester, identify 4-5 policies and strategies that can challenge the patterns of oppression and inequality dominant on campus or in your community.
c. Who (including you) has the ability and will to initiate those changes?
d. What challenges stand in the way of implementing those policies and strategies?
e. What kind of support might be needed—by whom?
f. Based on your assessment here, and the readings, what actions are you considering taking to challenge those intersecting forms of oppression and inequality on campus or in your home communities?
These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.As a general concept, it seems to me that one way to re-conceptualize oppression in general to open the opportunities for change would be focus on how all members of a society fall into one of three groups, based on actions rather than ascribed attributes, and can move between groups at any time. This reconceptualization would also relate to a concept all members of society have some kind of experience with, bullying. In essence, all members of a society could be seen, at any given time as the bully, the bullied, or the bystander and make the choice to change the situation so the bullied is protected and free from mistreatment from others.
A brief review of the concept of bullying is required to fully explain this reconceptualization. Santrock (2012) explains that bullying is a very common experience, with at least one third of middle school students being frequent victims of bullying or being bullies themselves, with the remaining students often being bystanders. When examining the mechanisms of bullying, it involves a range of physical, verbal, emotional, and manipulative tactics utilized by the bully to control the bullied, often limiting their freedom, worsening their self-concept, and creating lasting negative impact on their functioning in the immediate environment and, with repetition, extending to all domains of life. This can range from social avoidance in the local environment to serious mental disturbances such as depression or anxiety disorders as problems progress. However, one important consideration in the relationship of the bully and bullied is the power differential in which the bully often has or is perceived to have the upper hand over their victim, when in reality this upper hand is only permitted by the absence of actions from bystanders. While bullying has been a problem for the duration...
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