1. What social transformations in 18th and 19th century Europe led to the rapid development of the new science of sociology?
2. How does interpretive sociology differ from scientific, or more accurately, positivistic sociology? What about critical sociology? Discuss which approach best describes the work of each of these founders of sociology, explaining your answers: Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. Be sure to address all parts of this question.
3. What basic view of culture underlies the structural-functional approach? The social conflict approach? Provide a thorough, thoughtful answer.

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1. The social transformation from a theological perspective to a science-based one during the Enlightenment Period led to the development of sociology. In this period, scientific and technological advances, along with the rapid spread of modernity across Europe, led to sociologists wanting to understand more about how social groups form, interact, and break down. Philosophers in the Enlightenment started providing explanations about the social world, leading to sociology.

Political revolutions from the Americas across the Atlantic to Europe and back again led to...

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