2. How do traditional gender roles regarding housework and the raising of children affect women's employment status? How do these roles affect their life choices and living conditions? be sure to discuss the concept of the second shift.
3. Discuss the influence of nature and nurture in the formation of gender identities. What are the arguments that biology primarily shapes gender? What are the sociological views on gender socialization? Summarize your conclusions about this fundamental question regarding gender.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.1. Social stratification is the hierarchal ranking of social classes, grouped by similar socioeconomic conditions, within a society. Marx argued that two classes of people existed, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie own the means of production, the capital, and, in capitalist societies, exploit the proletariat who work. The bourgeoisie pay the proletariat enough for food and housing, while the proletariat, who are unaware of the exploitation, develop a false consciousness in that they feel well off and rely on the bourgeoisie to continue to provide for them. Marx hypothesized that eventually the proletariat would rise up in revolt, crushing the bourgeoisie. This revolution would lead to the proletariat controlling the means of production. Class levels would no longer exist, because everything would be owned by everyone equally. This type of society would be communist.
Weber, who agreed with Marx that hierarchal differences in social classes do exist, did not agree with how social classes are created nor did he agree that society would eventually become communist. He argued that not just what people owned determined social class. Instead of two social classes, Weber proposed four: the upper class, the white collar workers...