1. Identify three ways in which present-day society mirrors seventeenth-, eighteenth-, or nineteenth-century America. Look for parallels in the realm of culture recycled ideas, stereotypes, fears), politics (similar issues, agendas, practices), and everyday life (job competition, romantic relationships, recurrent social problems).
2. How have the people with whom you identify been systematically privileged or disadvantaged racially over the course of American history? How do you think your own life is privileged or disadvantaged because of this? In other words, how is your own social position shaped by historical forces?
3- History is a battleground. That is, people often fight about what history should be taught and how it should be taught. In light of this, how does the history reviewed in this chapter compare to the history of early America that you learned elsewhere? Meditate on the reasons for such similarities and differences.
4. Of the history reviewed in this chapter, which parts do you feel are often forgotten by the people in your life? Why do you think that is? What do you think would change if this history was remembered?
1. Summarize Gordon's model of assimilation. Identify and explain each stage and how the stages are linked together. Explain exhibit 2.5 in terms of Gordon's model.
2. "Human capital theory is not so much wrong as it is incomplete." Explain this statement. What does the theory leave out? What are the strengths of the theory? What questionable assumptions does it make?
3. What are the major dimensions along which the experience of assimilation varies? Explain how and why the experience of assimilation can vary.
4. Define pluralism and explain the ways in which it differs from assimilation. Why has an interest in pluralism increased? Explain the difference between and cite examples of structural and cultural pluralism. Describe enclave minority groups in terms of pluralism and in terms of Gordon's model of assimilation. How have contemporary theorists added to the concept of pluralism?
5. Define and explain segmented assimilation and explain how it differs from Gordon's model. What evidence is there that assimilation for recent immigrants is not segmented? What is the significance of this debate for the future of U.S. society? For other minority groups (e.g., African Americans)? For the immigrants themselves?

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1. Although the United States made great advances in racial equity in the 20th and early 21st centuries, there are still certain aspects of American culture that are still stuck in the 19th century or earlier. There are still social clubs and situations that are specifically the domain of whites, men, or white men. For example, the famous Augusta National Golf Club in Georgia did not admit women into its membership until the past couple of years. Certain college fraternities are still no-go zones for African-Americans. The controversy that followed the SAE fraternity after a frat member taped the Oklahoma branch singing a profane song calling for African-Americans to be lynched forced the University of Oklahoma to shut down the fraternity. Additionally, there are professions in the South that are difficult to crack for African Americans due to educational opportunities not being funded equally (as their schools still trail largely white schools in the South in terms of test scores). Politically, although we elected President Obama, there are still very few to no African Americans in the US Senate, a critical part of the federal government.

2. I identify with both Muslims and South Asian Americans, and we have also been disadvantaged, although not for the same amount of time as African-Americans or Hispanics. I hear a lot of talk about how South Asians are only good for managing 7-11s. However, we are making great headway in politics, as two Southern states have elected South Asian governors (South Carolina and Louisiana). I think Muslims have had it even harder because they were...

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