1. What is “hegemony”? Where does this term come from? How can it be useful in the study of global inequality and community development?
2. What is the Bangladesh Consensus on Poverty? Use the concepts of hidden and public transcripts in your explanation of this consensus and its relationship with the Washington Consensus on Poverty.
3. The Abahlali baseMjondolo movement doesn’t fit cleanly within the framework of the asset-based community development approach. In your view, does the movement follow a needs-based or an asset-based approach? Why do you say this (what evidence would you use)? What are other similarities and/or differences do you see between this collective action approach and the ABCD model?
4. SE and other plural economy approaches are seen to form the basis of a transformative community development practice. How do these differ from other, often market-based, approaches to community development that have been popular in recent decades? Discuss these differences in terms of both ends (the ultimate goal) and means (how we get there).
Hegemony can be described as the supremacy of a social group or country either in politics, economically or military over others. Hegemony signified the political and military supremacy of a city-state over other city-states in ancient Greece. During the 19th century, hegemony signified cultural or social supremacy by a particular group in a society. This being said hegemony can be used in the study of global inequality as coercion and consent are key factors in attaining dominance over others, ideas of the dominating class are forced onto the disadvantaged groups either consciously or unconsciously and this ideas are followed by the masses without question, this then is a clear example of inequality. In his analysis, Gramsci describes how common sense to the...
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