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Concept Sheet #6

Generalized other: George Herbert Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as references in evaluating ourselves.
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Peer group: A social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common.
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Anticipatory socialization: Learning that helps a person achieve a desired position mass media the means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience.
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Mass media: The means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience.
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Cohort: A category of people with something in common, usually their age.
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Total institution: A setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff.
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Resocialization: radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment.
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Social group: Two or more people who identify with and interact with one another.
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Primary group: A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships.
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Secondary group: A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity.
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Instrumental leadership: Group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks.
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Expressive leadership: Group leadership that focuses on the group's well-being.
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Groupthink: The tendency of group members to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some issue reference group a social group that serves as a point of reference in making evaluations and decisions in-group a social group toward which a member feels respect and loyalty.
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Out-group: A social group toward which a person feels a sense of competition or opposition.
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Dyad: A social group with two members.
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Triad: A social group with three members.
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Network: A web of weak social ties.
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Social media: Media that allows people to communicate with one another, to share information, and to form communities based on interests and goals.
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Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life

Reflection Journal Chapter 10 (#6)

1) The “seven deadly sins,” the human failings recognized by the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages, were pride, greed, envy, anger, lust, gluttony, and sloth. Why are these traits likely to be viewed as dangerous by people who live in an agrarian caste system with strong traditional culture? Are these traits a threat to today’s capitalist class system? In what ways might most of them (perhaps all but sloth) be necessary to our way of life?

2) Identify three ways in which social stratification is evident in the everyday lives of students on your campus. In each case, explain exactly what is unequal and what difference it makes. Do you think individual talent or family background is more important in creating these social differences?

Critical Thinking Write up

Topic for Chapter 10 (#6)

1) Summarize the Davis-Moore thesis. Illustrate how the thesis works with various types of jobs and the relative rewards each would command. What are some criticisms of the Davis-Moore thesis?

Counseling 36
2) Create a list of six basic elements (goals) that you like to achieve in the next year to help you in the social welfare field?

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