QuestionQuestion

Obesity

I. Introduction
A. “The percentage of American Adults who are obese has risen particularly rapidly in the past half century. In 1960, the obesity rate of U.S. adults ages 20 to 74 was 13.4 percent. That has risen to 35.7 percent today.”
B. Obesity is detrimental to a person’s health and some people don’t even know the cause of obesity or even the effects.
C. Obesity is an epidemic that is linked to major health problems caused by social economic problems, unhealthy dietary habits, and lack of daily exercise.
II. The Cause of Obesity
A. How is obesity classified?
1. CDC calculates obesity by body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight and height.
2. Four BMI classification/ categories, underweight, normal, overweight, and obesity.
B. Poor dietary decision
1. People eat what they want and not realize the implication of the food they consume.
2. Accessible and convenient process food
C. Lack of daily exercise
1. If your daily food intake is more than what you burn, gaining weight will be evident.
2. Being active will have the same benefit as exercising, such as playing sports.
III. Health Issues Caused by Obesity
A. Hypoventilation, Sleep Apnea, and Hypoxia
1. Breathing issues
2. Lack of oxygen to body tissues
B. Type 2 diabetes
1. Resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar.
2. Cardiovascular issues which is the early cause death for those with diabetes.
3. Glaucoma
4. Kidney failure
5. Heart attack.
C. Strokes
6. One effect of a stroke is being paralyzed and having muscle spasms.
IV. Social Economic Problems
A. Low income family.
1. Process food which is cheaper compared to whole food.
2. Genetically enhance food and fast food are readily available and affordable.
V. Preventing or Reversing Obesity
B. Knowing what to eat
3. Not listening to fads and quick dietary results.
4. Changing life style and habits.
C. There is no such thing as a miracle weight loss diet supplements
1. Hydroxycut is dangerous and unhealthy.
2. Liquid drinks that are meal replacements.
D. Knowing the right exercise
1. Take baby steps and identify what you can and cannot do.
2. Create a realistic goal.
VI. Conclusion
A. Obesity is an epidemic that is linked to major health problems caused by social economic problems, unhealthy dietary habits, and lack of daily exercise.
B. Obesity is linked to many health issues. Knowledge, exercise, and eating the right food can prevent or reverse obesity. Changing one’s life style and habit is the first step to battling a disease that can be prevented.

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Introduction

There has been a well-documented surge of obesity throughout the world. Since the 1960, the number of people who are obese rose from 13% to the staggering 35% in the United States (Rosin 3). This surge has been well documented, but, according to Flegal et al., “the use of differing definitions of overweight has made it difficult to compare data from different studies and from different countries” (Flegal et al. 39). These estimates largely come from thorough studies conducted by the NHS, which are conducted regularly every several years. The majority of the data available indicates that the largest surge in obesity happened immediately after 1980 and has not stopped since. The increase between 1960 and 1976 was minimal, but every 4-year period after 1976 has seen an approximate 8% increase in the number of obese people in the US (Flegal 491).
There is little doubt that obesity represents one of the main concerns of the public healthcare system. In fact, it is ranked among the top ten concerns in the US and is considered being one of the leading causes of death. “Obesity in adulthood results in an increased risk for future death from all causes, coronary heart disease, atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease, and colorectal cancer, as well as serious medical problems, including hyperlipidemia, hypertension, gallbladder disease, and diabetes mellitus…………. unfortunately, successful treatments for obesity have been elusive.” (Stice, Shaw and Marti 1-2).
The vast majority of these programs were aimed at children and teenagers, oh whom nearly 20% are either overweight or obese. As yet, none of the programs initiated by the government has shown any real success, the average rate of recovery – consisting of significant weight loss and no relapse – is well below 10% in both children and adults. Some better effects have been noticed from behavioral family interventions and therapy (Stice, Shaw and Marti 1-2).
Among other negative outcomes – such as difficulties finding employment, personal and social issues – obesity is one of the main contributors to the worsening of the national health perspectives. According to Herington, Dawson and Draper, obesity is a major contributing factor in the development of osteoarthritis, sexual dysfunction, stroke, diabetes, various heart and coronary conditions and cancer. Some estimates suggest that an obese person loses up to seven years of life due to weight. It was found that this problem takes around 3.3 million lives annually (Herington, Dawson and Draper 26).
A report by the CDC estimates that, in 2008, obesity costs took more than $147 billion from the healthcare system, which would make every obese person $1,429 more expensive than any other patient. The report further indicates that the overall costs of obesity treatment represent up to 10% of the overall healthcare expenditure. In the 10-year period between 1998 and 2008, the overall expenditure for the treatment of obesity increased by 100%. The study shows that the...
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