Write a 2000-word research paper on the relationship between learning disability, correctional education, and juvenile delinquency.
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This discussion is premised on research showing that incarcerated juvenile delinquents are administered special education services at rates “almost four times higher…than in public school programs” (Quinn et al., 2005, p. 340) – a rate the authors note may be an underestimation. Quinn et al. consider eligibility for special education services to stand in for learning disabilities, “emotional disturbance” and “other health impairments” (p. 342) which have contributed—and continue to contribute to—significant academic and behavioral differences between this population and non-incarcerated cohorts; the present discussion assumes a similar stance. In line with this complex interconnectedness of factors, Krezmien, Mulcahy, and Leone (2008) found the high prevalence of “serious academic and mental health problems” (p. 13) in their study group of incarcerated juveniles – characteristics indicative of special education status but, to the detriment of these youth, not predictive of placement into special education services; Krezmien et al. also “found that African American students had a significantly higher risk of being committed than Caucasian students” (p. 1). The discussion below considers the relationship between learning disability, correctional education, and juvenile delinquency, along a number of dimensions, centered around incarceration, but with consideration of factors and periods both pre- and post-incarceration: An underwriting interest is with the structural factors at play in causing and perpetuating the relationship, such as the characteristics and availability of special education services in juvenile correctional facilities and, thereby, the prospects of successful post-corrections transition and/or recidivism; and, most importantly, the contribution of disproportionality to the outsized prevalence of learning...
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