You are required to write a short essay describing one infrastructure system in Hong Kong and assessing how sustainable the system is (or is not). The essay should be comprehensive yet concise

Step 1: Choose a city infrastructure system (from among the following) that you would like to research: Electricity in this case.

Step 2: Do some preliminary research on this system. Examples of points of research are: when was the system set up, at what cost, who runs it, what service or product does the system provide, how many people does it serve, how much does the service or product produced by the system cost its consumers, are people happy and satisfied with the service or product (if not why not), have there been attempts to improve the system – did they succeed (if not, why not), etc. For some systems/services (such as food/food-waste) the points-for-research listed above might not be suitable; for other systems, additional points-of-research may be needed – feel free to research points that are suitable for your topic.

Step 3: Spend some time analyzing all the information that you have to determine how well the system satisfies the three elements (environment, efficiency and equity) of sustainability.   

Step 4: Start writing the essay.   The essay should have the following elements:
a) An intro section consisting of two-three paragraphs that describes the system.
b) A few paragraphs about the three aspects of sustainability pertaining to the system, and your opinion on whether the system (service) does well on those aspects or not.
c) A couple of concluding paragraphs summarizing the key points from all that you have said in the above paragraphs.

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Hong Kong’s Unsustainable Electricity Infrastructure

Introduction – Hong Kong’s Electricity Infrastructure
Arguably, the most basic fact of Hong Kong’s electricity infrastructure is that Hong Kong “does not have any indigenous resources for electricity generation” (EB, 2014, p. 2, emphasis added). Fig. 1 shows Hong Kong’s electricity generation fuel mix (in 2012); note that coal generation accounted for more than half of its electricity supply, with another 22% supplied by natural gas; a similar proportion, 23%, was supplied by nuclear generation. Coal and natural gas, accounting for around three-fourths of Hong Kong’s electricity supply, must be imported. Hong Kong does not have a nuclear plant; its nuclear-generated electricity is “imported through a dedicated transmission line from the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station (DBNPS)” (p. 2) on the Chinese mainland. While the comparison is not without problems, consider that 95% of Singapore’s current fuel mix for electricity generation is from natural gas; in 2010, two years prior to the statistics cited for Hong Kong, 77% of Singapore’s fuel mix was from natural gas; in both periods, Singapore’s dependence on coal generation was negligible (EMA, 2017, p. 4); Singapore is similarly reliant upon importing fuel, with Malaysia and Indonesia supplying natural gas by pipeline (NCCS, 2018, sec. 2)....

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