This week we will look at basic ethics concepts and principal moral philosophies. The following word cloud is generated from one of our readings this week. It shows different concepts that you should be aware of and make note of as you read the Budinger and Budinger reading.
According to Budinger & Budinger, determinants of right or wrong are based on the different ethical frameworks or theories. The problem is, they often contend with one another. For example, utilitarianism and deontological (or duty) ethics are often contentious. A utilitarian perspective may assume that it is OK to do something as long as the consequences of the act take priority. An individual approaching the same dilemma from a deontological perspective, on the other hand, may assert that if the individual has good motives, then the actual consequences of the act are less important. The point of all this is that it’s important to note that no single moral philosophy or theory can be applied to all situations or will be applied by all individuals. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to dealing with life’s or technology’s issues and dilemmas. But the application of the various theories can help us to understand our own and others’ decisions and perspectives and can help us design solutions to ethical dilemmas.
Case studies are a great way to help learn more about these various theories because they give us an opportunity to examine a situation and view it from different perspectives based on the different moral theories and how they can be in conflict. With this in mind, I want you to locate cases where a person or groups of individuals’ use of the internet (or other technologies) created an ethical dilemma. In your eventual post I’d like you to describe in detail:
What makes it an ethical dilemma
The event or events that led to the ethical dilemma [what's the story?]
What your personal reaction to this ethical dilemma is
Why you think the ethical dilemma is significant or important in our discussion of technology and Ethics
How it relates to this week’s readings
What Ethical principles may be in play (e.g. Justice Ethics, Virtue Ethics etc.) and WHY? We expect you to provide clear and detailed examples from the story (case).
THIS IS IMPORTANT: share a link to the case in focus.
Your story (case) may be drawn from any time in the past and could come from any part of the world (that’s more than 196 countries). However, you MUST provide a valid link, i.e. a link that works and can be accessed.
You CANNOT post stories or cases that are already shared by other students in this class; therefore, it is absolutely important that you read through your classmates’ posts before you publish your post.
“Ethical principles, reasoning, and decision making” (Budinger & Budinger, 2006)
Do a Google/Bing/Yahoo search for Hans Jonas. Who is he? Why might he be relevant to our study of technology ethics? What is Jonas’ Supreme Principle of Morality?
After reading the Budinger and Budinger article, view the video about the student banned from school for the Facebook posting (this is the EXAMPLE case and should give you an idea of what kind of cases I want you to find). Then search for your own case and address at least the following questions (more questions on the agenda page):
What ethical concepts and principles come into play here?
What is your personal reaction to this ethical dilemma?
What ethical concepts and principles underlie your personal beliefs about this issue?
Do an online search for Hans Jonas and address the following questions in your same reply:
Why might he be relevant to our study of technology ethics?
What is Jonas's Supreme Principle of Morality?
You probably noticed how the questions here don't match the questions on the agenda page. This is by design. I'm not going to take points off if you don't answer each and every question... that is not the point. I want you to find a case that you are interested in. Then tell us about it (all these questions should give you an idea what I'm looking for).
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.The situation: My choice for a case of a group’s use of internet- and computer-related technologies creating inestimable ethical conflicts and dilemmas is a now-famous cyber-attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities, an attack which came to be known by the software used, Stuxnet. The attack, its context, and its consequences are described in great detail in this Foreign Policy article, Stuxnet’s Secret Twin, from November 19, 2013.
The primary known target of the Stuxnet cyber-attacks was Iran’s uranium enrichment facility at Natanz. It was initially thought that the Stuxnet software/virus/malware was a single version or iteration, and that it had performed its attacks on the Iranian facilities in 2009 and/or 2010. According to Langner, however, it now seems...