2. Summarize at least three effects of persistent poverty and then explain why many children growing up in poor families succeed in school and in life citing your Learning Resources for this week to validate your thinking and ideas.
3. Based on what you have learned this week, explain whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: Once prejudice develops, there is no going back. Cite examples from the learning resources to substantiate your thinking and ideas.
4. Review pages 107–109 in the course text Teaching and Learning in a Diverse World. Then, describe at least two ways—one at the implicit level and the other at the explicit level- in which culture might influence a child's development.
5. Think about what you have learned this week about growing up in a bicultural/bilingual environment. Summarize at least three points that would be help early childhood professionals be more responsive to culturally and linguistically diverse children and families with whom they work.
6. Pages 111–118 in Teaching and Learning in a Diverse World discuss cultural and linguistic discontinuity. How might early childhood professionals lessen the potentially negative effects of cultural and linguistic discontinuity for the children and families with whom they work?
7. Consider the following quotes from "Raising and Educating Healthy Boys: A Report on the Growing Crisis is Boys' Education" (pp. 2–3):
"We need to start addressing issues of gender socialization of boys and girls at the preschool level. At stake is the full potential of each individual child's cognitive, social, and emotional development."
"Ideas about how boys and girls are 'supposed to be' are planted early.The messages boys receive about what it means to be male in this society are connected to their social emotional and academic development. If we focus on boys' school experience early on, we will improve education for all children."
Drawing on what you learned from this report and Chapter 7 in your course text, explain, in your own words, the concept of "boy code" and why you agree or disagree with either of the statements above.
8. Chapter 7 in your text includes a section which covers children's understanding of sexual orientation. Review this section and then summarize at least two points that enhanced your understanding of child development related to this issue. Explain how these new understandings might help you work more effectively with young children and their families.
9. In Chapter 8 of your text, you learned about children's knowledge and feelings related to abilities and disabilities. Review this section of the chapter and then summarize at least two points that enhanced your understanding of child development related to this issue and explain how these new understandings might help you work more effectively with young children and their families.
10. In Chapter 3 of your course text, Ramsey states: "In short, caring is a powerful emotion that energizes concern for ourselves and others and our willingness to confront and change inequities. Thus, it is an essential component of multicultural education" (Ramsey, 2004, p. 44). Drawing on what you have learned in this course and particularly this week, explain why this statement is true, citing the Learning Resources to support your ideas.
11. Quality early childhood experiences and programs foster children's development of empathy, effective communication, initiating and maintaining social interactions and relationships, playing cooperatively, and resolving conflicts. Review pages 54–66 in your text and choose two of the interpersonal skills that are of the most interest to you. Based on what you have learned from the resources this week, explain what each of these interpersonal skills entails and how each supports true multicultural education in the context of building caring, responsive, and collaborative communities.
12. Dr. Eugene Garcia concludes the Course Media segment "Fostering Cultural Responsive Interactions" with the statement, "It's in your hands." Explain what he is referring to and how you plan to incorporate this commitment into your future work with children and families based on at least three of the behaviors he reviews in his list of "5R's and a T.
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