Literature Review: Spinal Cord Injury and Rehabilitation in the United Kingdom (3840 words)

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Question

This is a Masters level paper. It needs to have between 3500-4000 words, APA style.

The topic is Spinal Cord injury and rehabilitation in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland).

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Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are relatively common in the Western world, and the United Kingdom is no exception. An SCI is defined as a condition which dramatically “affects conduction of sensory and motor signals across the site(s) of lesions, as well as the autonomic nervous system” (Kirshblum et al, 2011). The British Association of Spinal Cord Injury Specialists (BASCIS) and the Spinal Injury Association (SIA) define an SCI as “any traumatic insult to the spinal column at cervical (neck), thoracic (chest), thoraco-lumbar, lumbar, lumbo-sacral (lower back) or multiple levels which causes or threatens complete or partial interruption of spinal cord function” (“Preserving and Developing the National Spinal Cord Injury Service,” 2009). Traumatic SCIs often lead to paralysis of one or more limbs. Kirshblum et al (2011) defines tetraplegia (previously known as quadriplegia) as a condition where a person loses control of motion in all four limbs. Most tetraplegia patients suffered injuries to their cervical spine (located in the neck). Paraplegia is defined as a condition where a person loses control of motion in two limbs (usually the lower extremities) due to a traumatic SCI in the thoracic or sacral spine (Kirshblum et al, 2011). A non-traumatic spinal cord injury is a condition that is correctable by surgery or rehabilitation without loss of normal function of any of the four limbs or other body parts....

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