BOP (Bureau of Prisons)
Evaluation of the Agency’s Budgeting and Cumulative Report
As a consultant, you need to develop an in-depth analysis and evaluation of the selected agency’s budgeting and then provide recommendations for improvement. Therefore, you will conduct interviews with agency representatives and research-related academic sources and Websites. The analysis will be read by the VP of Accounts and Client Support as well as by the leaders of the agency for whom you are working.
Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:
1. Analyze the agency’s (or department’s) budget by following these six (6) steps and including the results of the analysis in your paper by: (a) identifying the agency’s budget as executive department or an independent agency; (b) determining which of the appropriation subcommittees has jurisdiction over each agency’s budget request; (c) determining where each agency’s operations fall in the functional classification of the federal budget; (d) determining the budget authority and outlays proposed for the agency; and (e) determining the actual outlays and budget authority for the agency in that year. (Title this section Budget Overview.)
2. Analyze two (2) major political influences on and primary accountability areas required of program administrators after reviewing FY2012 regarding mandatory and discretionary budgets. (Title this section Budgeting Assessment.)
3. Explain which intergovernmental agency, or agencies, contributes to and / or influences the budgetary decisions for the current and future budget over the next five (5) years. (Title this section Analysis of Budgeting Plans and Actual Expenditures.)
4. Analyze the impact of international policy making on the current year’s budgets and possible impact on future budget line items. (Title this section Implications of Foreign Policy.)
5. Recommend two (2) robust ways in which the agency could improve the budget for the next fiscal year. (Title this section Budget Request and Recommendations.)   
6. Provide proof of one to two (1-2) interviews by submitting the completed interview form with a list of questions for and responses from each interviewee. (Put this in the Appendix under Interview Forms.)
7. Provide four to five (4-5) relevant and credible outside resources that support the content of this assignment. (Include no more than one (1) non-government Website.)
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The sections must have appropriate titles. The cover page, interview forms, reference page, and the appendices are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Recommend ways to improve specific areas of public administration.
• Analyze the fundamental components of effective budgeting, including sources of revenue, political influences, purposes, types, and accountability of program administrators.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in public administration.
• Write clearly and concisely about public administration using proper writing mechanics.

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

Budget Overview
According to the number of inmates under BOP’s jurisdiction, it is the biggest correctional agency in United States. It is BOP’s mandate to confine the law breakers convicted and sentenced in a federal court. Due to changes in the federal criminal justice policies, the population in federal prisons has significantly increased by nearly 5900 inmates each year since 1980 (, 2015). The rapidly growing population in prisons has led the congress to increase the BOP’s appropriations over the years. For instance, in 1980, the congress allocated the BOP $330 million while for the 2014 financial year the congress allocated BOP $6859 million. Thus, BOP’s budget has increased by $173.2 million each year since 1980, even after correcting for inflation. The ever growing prison population has outstretched BOP’s capacity which has caused overcrowding. According to BOP, the federal prison system was functioning at nearly 36% over rated capacity for the 2013 financial year (, 2015).
Majority of the BOP’s operations are financed by the congress through the annual appropriations. BOP’s annual budget is divided between buildings and facilities and salaries and expenses (, 2015). The salaries and expenses account, also commonly referred as the operations budget caters for the care and custody of federal prisoners and for the daily upkeep and running of the correctional facilities, central office and the regional offices. Also, the salaries and expenses account provides funding for...

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