QuestionQuestion

I. Provide a structural explanation of the behavior of Austria-Hungary and one other major power in 1914. (sources: lectures, Fromkin)
II. Provide an institutional analysis of the behavior of Austria-Hungary and one other major power in 1914. (sources: lectures, Fromkin)
III. Provide an explanation of the security dilemma and apply it to one case mentioned in lecture. (sources: lectures, Doyle)
IV. Apply structural and institutional explanations of the behavior of Austria-Hungary in 1914. (sources: lectures, Fromkin)
V. Explain Austria-Hungary's policy toward Serbia in terms of wars of retribution. (sources: lectures, Fromkin)
VI. Explain the balance of power and apply it to one case mentioned in lecture.
sources: lectures, Doyle)
VII. Explain the logic of the second premise and second deduction of institutional analysis and apply it to one major power's behavior in 1914.

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The concept of security dilemma emerges from the realist perspective of the prevalence of anarchy and can be traced to Thucydides Realists scholars opine that there is the absence of a sovereign, that leads to anarchy in the international system of states. This makes security as the primary objective of the states causing an inevitable quest of competition for power. That is, in the absence of a supranational authority that can enforce binding agreements and ensure peace, states take upon themselves to boost their security. This leads to making other states insecure. Even if the states are certain that the intentions of certain states are benign, yet, they can neither deny nor neglect the possibility that those states can become hostile in near future. This, in turn guides their approach to build and enhance their military power to avoid any situation with potential to threaten their security.   The states in such a situation can find themselves embroiled in a ‘security dilemma.’
Also, Security Dilemma occurs when states take unilateral measures to ensure their own security, such as increasing their military capabilities, but, doing so they create insecurity among their neighboring states. Consequently, as a tendency, the neighbouring states view the military advancements as threatening and are forced to undertake countermeasures to strengthen their security.   Now, this leads some other states to perceive their security threatened, causing them to increase their military spending. Thus, it creates an action-reaction cycle “when states increasingly spend resources on military capabilities but make no real gains in the way of security.” In world history, this dynamic has been the fundamental cause for many arms races...

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