Logic of Inquiry (Reading WITO the Grain)
1. Note that Bianchi & Casper lilod their report. "American Families' rather than "The American Family.' How to these two titles differ in their embedded assumptions?
2. List five major changes in family life over the past half-century
3. In the section on "Economic and Family Life' (pp 30-33), what Theoretical debates do they cite about the causes of these changes'" Which do you think are more plausible?
4. Nutshell Figure 6 (p 22), Figure 9 (p. 281 and Table 7 (p 33). That is in one or two carefully crafted sentences, state the main finding or trend.
5. Remember Carr's adage that "the facts do not speak for themselves." What are the rival interpretations advanced for explaining the racial and ethnic differences indicated in Figure G (p 22)? Critical Issues (Reading AGAINST the Grain)
6. Note that this study has been published by the Population Reference Bureau. A private organization. Do you think this study could have been published by the U.S. Census? Why or why not?
7. Overall, where the authors "coming from' inters of their values policies point of view' City three passages where this is evident.
8. The authors report many changes in the American family. What moral judgments do they make about these changes, and how are These evident? (HINT moral judgments are often reflected in the language that they use in talking about the changes. Identify. if you can, FIVE such instances where the words they deploy imply moral judgment- i.e., approval or disapproval.)
9. Think back to Barry Bluestore's article on wage inequality. What "macro' or "systemic" factors that Bhuestouo cites might also shed light on the "changes" in American families?
10. How does Mills' distinction between "the personal troubles of milieu' and "the public issues of social structure' apply to these sen changes in American families?

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1.    The title American Families is different from ‘The American Families’ in a sense of indigenousness. The American families encompass all the families legally residing in America while the article ‘the’ introduces a sense of specificity.
2.    According to Bianchi and Casper (2000), American families have undergone tremendous changes that have been propelled by social, economic and advocacy issues. In reassessing the early families and comparing them to the modern families, the authors examine several major changes, which include:
a.   Role Shift- In the early families, where marriage was universal and happened early, there were clearly defined roles of every partner according to gender status and social stratification. Following the gender equality advocacy, both parents became responsible for their families thus eliminating the nurturing role of a mother.
b.    Marriage age- before 1980, couples got married at a rough age of 25-27 years after the completion of their basic education. The male continued with their careers and education as the mothers took care of the support roles. However, currently, couples postpone marriages and bearing of children to complete their education and promote gender equality.
c.    Family structure- In the early society, most families comprised of a male, a female, and their children. However subsequent the increased cultural shift, there has been a rise in the cases of single parenting and heterosexual families.
d.    Change of family and social norms- In early 1950’s and slightly beyond, individuals followed socially acceptable norms for the fear of stigmatization and elusiveness. However, in early 1960, America received a significant cultural change because of immigration. The shift led to the decline of social norms and punishment as individuals embraced diversity and norm borrowing.
e.    Family size- In the early society couples give birth to many children due to the availability of resources and the reduced population. However, the increased
3.    The author examines the numerous factors that led t these family changes, in the analysis the research identifies that the change in the economy is one of the most palpable cause f family life and structuring. After the Second World War, the American economy received a boom that created full...
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