Question

A constitution is a written document that describes:

A) how government will be organized
B) the powers that the government will have
C) both
D) neither

The fact the federal government consists of three branches rejects which institution?:

A) checks and balances
B) case work
C) federalism
D) bicameralism
E) separation of powers

This feature of the US Constitution reserves significant amounts of governmental autonomy for the individual states.

A) federalism
B) unitarism
C) bicameralism
D) separation of powers
E) none of the above

Article I of the US Constitution says that "All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States." This reflects which institutional feature of the US Constitution?

A) bicameralism
B) federalism
C) separation of powers
D) unitarism
E) representative democracy

The fact that each branch of government has a role in the functions of the other branches reflects which institution?

A) separation of powers
B) unicameralism
C) the presidential veto
D) checks and balances
E) all of the above

Bicameralism means that

A) the US government is divided into federal and state or local government
B) the executive branch is broken into two chambers
C) the legislative branch is broken into two chambers
D) two cameras are better than one camera is
E) better than two

Which of the following institutional features of the US Constitution reflects the Framers' dedication to classical liberalism (i.e., limited government)?

A) separation of powers
B) the Bill of Rights
C) checks and balances
D) enumerated powers
E) all of the above

The Framers feared that the without checks and balances the ________ branch would naturally dominate the other two branches of government.

A) olive
B) dominant
C) executive
D) legislative
E) judicial

In the presidential system, the chief executive is ______ the legislature.

A) chosen independently from
B) chosen by
C) more important than
D) less important than
E) none of the above

In the parliamentary system, the chief executive is ______ the legislature.

A) chosen independently from
B) chose by
C) more important than
D) less important than
E) none of the above

Each of the following is an example of checks and balances EXCEPT

A) the fact that there are three branches of government
B) the fact that presidents can veto laws written by Congress
C) the fact that presidential appointments require approval by the Senate.
D) the fact that federal courts can decide whether a law is constitutional or not

Which of the following is a significant role of Congress that is NOT outlined in the US Constitution?

A) passing laws
B) amending the constitution
C) impeachment
D) casework
E) none of the above (they are all in the Constitution)

David Mayhew argues that the most important goal of a legislator is:

A) passing legislation
B) Congressional oversight
C) getting reelected
D) making money
E) being powerful

The principle of "enumerated powers" suggests that the power of the federal government will be limited to those roles explicitly outlined in the Constitution. Which feature of the US Constitution seems to contradict this principle?

A) The Bill of Rights
B) the "necessary and proper" clause of Article II
C) federalism
D) the fact that the Constitution is such a short document
E) none of the above


After a bill passes in the House and Senate, it is sent to the president who may either sign or veto the bill. This reflects which institutional feature of the US Constitution?

A) Congressional oversight
B) unequal representation
C) federalism
D) checks and balances
E) just a bill sitting on Capitol Hill

According to the Constitution, the ______ has the sole power of impeachment and the ______ has the sole power of trial and conviction.

A) Senate; House of Representatives
B) House of Representatives; Senate
C) House of Representatives; Supreme Court
D) Supreme Court; President
E) Supreme Court; Senate

A filibuster

A) can only happen in the Senate
B) relies on the Senate's tradition of unlimited debate
C) prevents a bill from coming to a vote
D) can be stopped with 60 votes
E) all of the above

In Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution states that "No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law." This is the source of:

A) the elasticity clause
B) the power of the sword
C) the power of the purse
D) the power of Greyskull
E) none of the above

According to Klein, a president’s attempts at persuasion might have the effect of making it harder for him to govern

A) if he isn't a very good communicator
B) if no one hears her speech
C) because the opposition party has an (electoral) incentive to resist him
D) because increasingly American citizens read fake news as opposed to newspapers
E) none of the above

The president is the chief executive, but he may have a legislative role in so far as he

A) is also the commander in chief
B) uses the bully pulpit
C) is the head of government
D) exercises the veto
E) all of the above

According to Klein, a legislator from the opposition party may be more willing to support a president's policy if

A) the policy will definitely help the nation
B) he has been a long-time supporter of similar policies
C) the president does not publicize his support for those policies
D) if the party says it's OK
E) all of the above

Each of the following powers is more or less explicitly given to the president by the Constitution EXCEPT

A) the power to appoint the heads of the bureaucracy
B) the power to conduct war
C) the power to declare war
D) the power to sign treaties
E) the power to veto a bill

One reason that the bully pulpit is arguably less effective than it was in years past is because:

A) presidents today are less effective communicators than presidents in the past
B) citizens are better prepared to detect propaganda today
C) citizens can change the channel when the president comes on TV
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

Presidents claim a unique source of legitimacy because

A) they are highly persuasive people
B) they have been successful in their professional careers
C) they are the chief executive
D) they are the only people who have won a national election
E) all of the above

Which of the following is an informal source of presidential power?

A) The legitimacy that derives from winning a national election
B) The legislative agenda-setting power that derives from being the head of party
C) The communicative power that derives from access to broadcast media coverage
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

The Framers probably could not anticipate the phenomenon of the "bully pulpit" because

A) they didn't expect presidents to be so powerful
B) they hated bullies
C) the necessary technology had not yet been invented
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

A hierarchical organization composed of a semi-permanent staff who perform specialized duties is called:

A) a special administration
B) a system
C) a bureaucracy
D) a hierarchy
E) none of the above

To say that bureaucracies are organized hierarchically means that

A) authority flows from the top to the bottom
B) Factors at the top of the organization have more autonomy and more responsibility
C) the work of actors at the bottom of the organization is governed by more rules than those at the top of the organization
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

Wilson argues that corporate bureaucracies are different from government bureaucracies. This is because

A) corporate bureaucracies are motivated by profits
B) corporate bureaucracies can independently determine their goals and expenditures
C) corporate bureaucracies are better than public bureaucracies
D) all of the above
E) A and B

The heads of the federal bureaucracy (i.e., the cabinet or the heads of the departments)

A) Serve lifetime appointments
B) are appointed by the president
C) must be confirmed by the Senate
D) all of the above
E) B and C

Wilson argues that incentives to make profits in public bureaucracies may lead to

A) more efficient public bureaucracies
B) less efficient public bureaucracies
C) moral hazards
D) hierarchy
E) all of the above

Wilson argues that public bureaucracies are constrained by the fact that

A) they have several goals
B) their goals often conflict with each other
C) their employees are appointed for life
D) A and B
E) A and C

The goals of the federal bureaucracy include each of the following EXCEPT

A) being accountable
B) being equitable
C) having integrity
D) being profitable
E) being responsive

The Framers of the Constitution expected that which branch would be the weakest?

A) legislative
B) executive
C) judicial
D) bureaucracy
E) president

The power of federal courts to decide that a law is null, void, and unenforceable because it is in conflict with the Constitution is called

A) constitutional authority
B) nullification
C) the power of the purse
D) judicial review
E) none of the above

A precedent is

A) the head of government
B) the head of state
C) the head of party
D) Court decision that informs or serves as an example for all later decisions
E) A, B, and C

One source of independence for US federal judges is the fact that they are

A) highly educated
B) appointed for life
C) wealthy
D) common law judges
E) "denied the power of the sword and purse"

O'Brien argues that when rendering decisions federal judges must

A) consider prevailing public opinion
B) consider the effects of a decision on the court's prestige or legitimacy
C) consider the likelihood that a decision will be respected (or followed) by many in society
D) consider the likelihood that a decision will be supported by the other branches of government
E) all of the above

This source of the Supreme Court's power cannot be found in the Constitution:

A) the fact that judges serve lifetime appointments
B) the fact that it is a separate branch of government
C) judicial review
D) none of the above
E) all of the above

In Brown II, the Supreme Court ruled that the desegregation of public schools must proceed "with all deliberate speed." Such an ambiguous statement reflects the fact that

A) the Supreme Court cannot enforce its decisions
B) the Supreme Court sets precedents
C) Supreme Court justices serve lifetime appointments
D) the Supreme Court can only hear actual (not hypothetical) cases
D) all of the above

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A constitution is a written document that describes:

A. how the government will be organized
B. the powers that the government will have
C. both
D. neither

Solution (C)...

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