QuestionQuestion

Choose the BEST answer based on our readings and class discussions (not based on your own scholarship or independent brilliance).

Each of the following is a major form of collective action EXCEPT
political parties
interest groups
Congress
protest groups

Parties are organizations designed to coordinate
votes in the electorate
votes in the legislature
both
neither

When one speaks about a political party, one may be referring to
voters who identify with (or generally support) a particular party the paid staff or volunteers who work for a party organization
elected officials who are members of a coalition in government
all of the above
none of the above

District magnitude refers to
how great a district is
a single member district
the number of parties in the party system
the number of members (officials) who will be elected from a district
all of the above

This electoral system features single member districts (SMD) and plurality voting rules
presidentialism
parliamentarism
Majoritarian/First Past the Post (FPP)
Proportional Representation (PR)
none of the above

This electoral system features multi-member districts (MMD) and proportional voting rules
presidentialism
parliamentarism
Majoritarian/First Past the Post (FPP)
Proportional Representation (PR)
none of the above

A majority means
more than half
fewer than half
more than anyone else
fewer than anyone else
wrong

A plurality means
more than half
fewer than half
more than anyone else
fewer than anyone else
pick me!

In Majoritarian/First Past the Post (FPP) systems, if you vote for a candidate who does not win, you get no representation in government. This phenomenon is referred to as
a 2-party system
a presidential system
a wasted vote
the spoiler effect
none of the above

A two-party system results from
single member districts (SMD) and proportional voting rules
single member districts (SMD) and plurality voting rules
multi member districts (MMD) and plurality voting rules
multi member districts (MMD) and proportional voting rules
none of the above

A multi-party system results from
single member districts (SMD) and proportional voting rules
single member districts (SMD) and plurality voting rules
multi member districts (MMD) and plurality voting rules
multi member districts (MMD) and proportional voting rules
none of the above

If someone votes for a third party and the result is that their least preferred party/candidate wins, this is called
a least-preferred outcome
a 3 party system
a 2 party system
the spoiler effect
the butterfly effect

Which of the following is an effect of the Majoritarian/FPP system?
a two-party system
wasted votes
strategic voting
coalition parties
all of the above

When district lines are drawn such that they give one party an electoral advantage, this is called
district manipulation
district advantage
gerrymandering
one party system
none of the above

When an electoral system features multi-member districts (MMD) and proportional voting rules, the result tends to be
a parliament
a presidency
a 2-party system
a multi-party system
none of the above

In any two-party system, the two major parties tend to be
ideological
coalitions
Republicans and Democrats
spoilers
all of the above

In proportional representation (PR) systems, coalitions tend to be formed
in parties
in the electorate
in government
in vitro
incommunicado

If 3rd parties are like bees, it is because
they are black and yellow.
you know what it is.
if they have an effect, they only have it once.
they make a buzz in politics.
all of the above

Ezra Klein argues that one reason 3rd parties aren't successful is because
the two major parties are less corrupt
parliaments are better than presidencies
successful 3rd-party issues tend to be coopted (adopted) by the major parties
they can't make honey
all of the above

The pressure system is another name for
the interest group system
the two-party system
a multi-party system
nuclear Tssion
life in New York City

Unlike our two major parties, interest groups often represent
coalitions
only the wealthy
narrow or limited interests
only the elderly
all of the above

Interest groups attempt to influence politics primarily by
nominating candidates for election
putting together coalitions of likely voters to win elections
taking interest in groups
putting pressure on elected officials
all of the above

Lobbying
is a form of advocacy
requires access to politicians
is a way to get a group's issue on the agenda
all of the above
none of the above

Which of the following is a type of interest group?
a labor union
a trade association
a professional association
all of the above
none of the above

The use of public office for private gain is called
coercion
corruption
agenda-setting power
bias
C.R.E.A.M.

According to Robert Dahl, in spite of American beliefs about the political equality of citizens, there are great differences among Americans in terms of other power resources, such as
wealth
publicity/media access
political office
education
all of the above

Robert Dahl argues that power is "non-cumulative." By this he means that
all forms of power are basically the same
if you have one kind of power, you probably have all of the other kinds of power
the wealthiest people in society have the "real" power
having one kind of power does not guarantee that you have any other kind of power
none of the above

When Robert Dahl argues that there is a pluralistic distribution of power in society, he means that
no single group or actor controls all of the resources of power
many powerful actors/groups disagree and compete with each other
some issues are important to some people (and not so important to others)
all of the above
none of the above

If one asked Robert Dahl, "Who Governs?" he would likely reply:
the elite
the wealthy
it depends on the policy issue
all the citizens of America
none of the above

Would Robert Dahl, a pluralist, agree that there is bias in the pressure system?
Yes.
No.
Yes, but he would add that it is biased in multiple different directions.
Omg, is it summer yet?

Robert Dahl argues that there are low barriers to participation in American politics. The result of this is that
it is impossible for (numerical) minority interests to penetrate the pressure system
everyone has more-or-less the same influence on politics
passionate and well-organized (numerical) minorities may have
outsized influence on our politics
all of the above
none of the above

According to E.E. Schattschneider, every conflict has two important elements:
a winner and a loser
the favorite and the underdog
mano a mano
this is not the right answer
the combatants and the audience

According to E.E. Schattschneider, if the status quo is advantageous to a group, it will have an interest in
breaking the rules
activating disruptive power
socializing (or enlarging the scope of) the conflict
privatizing (or reducing the scope of) the conflict
none of the above

According to E.E. Schattschneider, if a group is losing a conflict it will have an interest in
breaking the rules
activating disruptive power
socializing (or enlarging the scope of) the conflict
privatizing (or reducing the scope of) the conflict
none of the above

According to Schattschneider, the scope of conflict is significant because
privatized conflicts are easier to win
socialized conflicts are harder to win
the outcome of conflict is in large part determined by the bias of the audience
all of the above
none of the above

E.E. Schattschneider argues that by controlling the scope of conflict, one can alter the bias of the audience even without changing the overall distribution of power resources in society. This is an implicit critique of
Frances Fox Piven and disruptive power
the 2-Party System
voting for 3rd parties
Robert Dahl and pluralism
none of the above

E.E. Schattschneider might argue that protest is a means of
warfare
privatizing a conflict
socializing a conflict
all of the above
none of the above

According to Frances Fox Piven, disruptive power (or disruption) is power that is leveraged by
controlling wealth
controlling force
breaking the rules or withdrawing cooperation from institutions
all of the above
none of the above

Frances Fox Piven argues that disruptive power is a distinctively modern phenomenon that takes advantage of
people getting fed up with the system
the interdependence that is a feature of modern society
too much money in politics
all of the above
none of the above

According to Frances Fox Piven, which of the following is an obstacle to protest?
recognition of the fact of interdependence
the difficulty of breaking the rules
the difficulty of coordinating multiple contributions
the fact that people are embedded in multiple overlapping social

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1. C
2. C
3. A
4. D
5. C
6. D...

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