This activity is an opportunity for you to closely examine a contemporary policy issue facing the state of Texas. Over its history, the Texas government has had many conflicts with the national government as part of the dynamics under a federal system of governance. These disputes have heated up in recent years, and include immigration policy, education policy, environmental policy, social welfare policy and many others issues. Select one of personal interest and objectively outline the nature of the dispute. This will allow you to work towards finding a solution.
Take into consideration constitutional disputes as well as political, economic and cultural differences. Look at the history underlying the dispute, how it is playing out within the governing institutions, and how you think the issue may be resolved, assuming that is possible.
Step 1: Identify the issue and how both the US government and Texas government have been currently addressing it (historical perspective).
Step 2: Gather a minimum of three scholarly research articles and additional news/current events relevant to the topic.
Step 3: Prepare a formal policy report that is a minimum of 1000 words (excluding cited text), which includes a discussion of the following:
• A statement of the current policy
• Reasons for initiating changes
• Policy options to be considered
• Pros and cons of each option
• Recommended course of action
• Reasoning for selecting that course of action
Background of the problem
One of the most critical disputes between Texas and the Federal government relates to the emission of greenhouse gas. Around December 2010, the American Environmental Protection Agency announced that it was taking the unparalleled step of being involved in the direct issuance of air permits to Texan industries (Carlton par. 1). Explicitly, the federal regime expressed that it was taking over the Clean Air Act Permits. The federal government rationalized this decision, citing the unwillingness of the state to comply with the greenhouse regulations (Carlton par. 2). The Texas government appealed to the federal appeals court to have the move temporarily halted, but the outcomes were in favor of the national government. Historically, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, commonly abbreviated as TCEQ, could not regulate greenhouse gases or any other new pollutants that EPA identified. Instead, the state allowed TCEQ to regulate toxics determined by the Texas legislature alone. Today, Texas is subject to the FIP (Federal Implementation Plan), meaning that the primary source of greenhouse gas emissions in Texas must get a permit from the EPA. This has been the case with every other state in the U.S. Even though the Texan government, through TCEQ, may develop authorization rules, their actions and decisions must lie within the extent necessitated by the federal law, that is, House...
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