Zoology is the branch of biological sciences that focuses on studying the animal kingdom, such as its structure, embryology, classification, habits, and interaction within various ecosystems. This branch involves the study of animals that are living as well as those that are extinct, thus also relating evolution to present day issues.
Scientists who work in the field of zoology are known as zoologists and may either observe animal species in a laboratory setting or natural habitat. They will observe development aspects of each species and also their habits and daily interactions with one another. Zoologists research diseases that affect animals and analyze how to cure or prevent illnesses from occurring within the animals’ local environment, as well as prevention of illnesses on a larger scale.
A degree in zoology could provide a wonderful opportunity for an individual to pursue a career as a zookeeper, allowing consistent interaction with animals to ensure each species is properly maintained. Wildlife education is also a popular field for zoologists because they not only interact with animals, but also share information with the public through reports or presentations. Many wildlife educators are employed in museums or other such institutions, thus providing care for animals and also knowledge to the public through presentations each day.
Zoologists may also serve as general researchers to garner knowledge about emerging issues in a particular species, investigate mutations of a current illness potentially threatening an animal species, and explore ways of prevention to contain dangerous outbreaks before they enter the animal kingdom. An individual majoring in zoology could also serve as a wildlife rehabilitator, caring for animals and birds that have been injured or orphaned.
A Bachelor of Science degree in zoology would contain some of the following courses, as obtained from Michigan State University:
To gain further understanding of zoology and its importance in our human population, click this link to read an article about the steady decrease in the fish population and its potential consequences on other animal populations as well as the human population.
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