Nuclear physics is the field of physics which studies the constituents (protons and neutrons) and interactions of atomic nuclei. The most familiar application of nuclear physics is nuclear power generation, but there are many other applications in the fields of nuclear medicine (positron emission tomography, isotopes production, etc.), magnetic resonance imaging, as well as ion implantation in materials engineering, and radiocarbon dating in geology and archaeology.
A nuclear physics course provides an introduction to the basic concepts of nuclear physics. Topics include nuclear constituents and nuclear structure, Rutherford scattering theory, natural and artificial radioactivity, three modes of decay - namely, alpha, beta, and gamma decays, energetics of nuclear reactions, and finally nuclear models, including the liquid drop model, the shell model, along with the semi-empirical mass formula.
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