Technological advancement and industrialization have resulted in a need to focus on the protection of the environment, and as such environmental engineering came into existence. Environmental engineering functions to protect mankind from the adverse effects of technology on the environment. Both the natural and human activities related to environmental influences are considered by environmental engineering professionals, who prioritize both the interests of mankind and environmental protection as key concerns. Waste control, waste and water treatment, air pollution control, waste disposal, and public health management are some of the many operational domains of environmental engineers.
Current environmental engineers stem from diverse engineering backgrounds, such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering. To succeed in the sector a fundamental knowledge of biology, physics, chemistry, engineering, hydrology, environmental law, and regulations are all essential. Environmental engineering professionals apply the principles of law, science, and engineering to upgrade and sustain the quality of environment. Environmental protection is their fundamental concern. Typical environmental engineering graduates study:
Ecology, ecosystems, biodiversity
Air and water quality
Solid and hazardous waste treatment and disposal
Water and waste water processing
Modeling surface water pollution
Social issues, environmental law, and population explosion
International organizations such as the Earth System Governance project, the Global Environment Facility, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, and the United Nations Environment Programme are all very active in the domain. Skilled, qualified, and talented environmental engineers are in high demand in both local and international organizations such as these.
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